An eyewitness memory relates to a person's episodic memory for a crime or other dramatic event that he or she has witnessed. Eyewitness testimony is often relied upon in the judicial system. However, the accuracy of eyewitness memories is sometimes questioned because there are many factors that can act during encoding and retrieval of the witnessed event which may adversely affect the creation and maintenance of the memory for the event. Various scholars for instance, Feldman (2009), have found evidence to suggest that eyewitness memory is volatile. It has long been speculated that mistaken eyewitness identification plays a major role in the wrongful conviction of innocent individuals.
When talking about the administration of the criminal justice system, it mainly pertains to the administration of police and sheriff departments since they are the ones that have the most struggles when dealing with ethics and professional behavior. There are some circumstances that might be found difficult to handle ("Sage Pub", 2004). Criminal justice administration does have the obligation of making moral judgments of what is right and what is wrong and this judgment must be done in a professional manner as well as apply critical thinking to the problems ("Sage Pub", 2004). If a law enforcement officer acts unethical, the consequences are not only quite serious, but one law enforcement officer’s unethical act can create numerous possible conflicts to arise in other areas of the department ("Sage Pub", 2004). It is also more difficult for the officer because they have to think twice about the type of behavior they are exhibiting.
Since OCS relies largely on criminal law while criminal law is socially constructed by social norms from different actors, OCS is regarded as social construct. Actors involved As mentioned before, OCS is considered as “social construct” and we are going to examine what actors involved in the procedure of OCS and how they make influences. Media Media is an influential social organization and is interdependent with other institutions including pressure groups, political parties, police…etc. Moreover, media tends to report some high profile cases. An incident reported by media must have a certain degree of enlargement and exaggeration.
In some instances, law enforcement is commonly called to trials as key witnesses to testify for the defense or for the prosecution. The information that law enforcement provides can range from evidence that may have retrieved from the crime scene, how that evidence was discovered, and witness that may have been questioned. This information alone can have a huge impact on how a trial may end, and it provides the jury and judge vital information when determining a defendant’s guilt or innocence. (EHow, 2011) Law enforcement basically offers their expert opinions on the crime in question. They may be asked questions by the judge, defense attorneys and prosecutors as to the location of the suspect when they arrived at the scene, if the suspect cooperated or not, and if anything was found on the suspect at the time of arrest and what was found on them.
Criminal justice covers a wide area including the judiciary and law enforcers. These individuals have got influence in the society and the choices they make have direct effects on the lives of other persons. Since criminal justice professional such as the police and judges make decisions in the society on what is wrong and right, it becomes imperative for these persons to understand and apply ethics in order to be free from bias in their decisions. Over the years, criminal justice professionals who include law enforcers, court officers, and parole and probation officers have been on the limelight on the decisions and choices they make in the course of their duties. In a number of cases, these officials have been accused of using unethical means or making decisions that are not ethical in moral cases.
Criminal justice administrators make important decisions daily, which can have profound effects on our lives (Gleason, 2006). Within the criminal justice administration critical thinking also play an important role along side with ethical and professional behavior. Within criminal justice law enforcement, corrections, and courts all use critical thinking to make ethical and professional decisions. Police officers must use critical thinking to conclude how the law was broken, how to respond, and if to arrest a person or not. When a police officer does not use critical thinking that is where problems can arise.
Who Are Criminal Profilers? Rebecca Wiltshire Colby-Sawyer College Criminal profilers mix both the world of psychology with criminal justice. The field itself is fairly new and often time’s profilers don't always agree on methodology or even terminology. The term "profiling" is popular among the public because of media interoperations such as “The Silence of the Lambs” and “Criminal Minds”. However the FBI calls its form of profiling “criminal investigative analysis”; another profiler, a prominent forensic psychologist, calls his work “investigative psychology”; and another calls his “crime action profiling” only further proving the lack of agreement in terminology (8).
The role of the police in the criminal investigation process is to investigate crimes, make arrests if necessary, interrogate suspects and gather evidence (that would substantiate that a crime has occurred). The law imposes certain limits on the way police can gather evidence that can be used, to help ensure the collection of evidence is legitimate and does not interfere with the rights of ordinary citizens. The strict
Police Brutality Steven O’Neal Period 5 There is something that has been on the rise ever since 9/11 and not many Americans know what this is, a sad, but true fact. This is police brutality, where cops abuse their power given to them by law, and mistreat/break rules and regulations. Skateboarders, to wood carvers in Seattle, police around the country have mistreated their power. As many of you know, last year the police officer Ian berk knowingly shot a Native American wood carver named john t. Williams. But what most of you probably don’t know, is that this cop got away with murder, the shooting of john Williams was declared unjustified, and a normal citizen with this charge would do anywhere from 25 years to life in prison.
Police are government officials in charge of regulating and controlling affairs within the community. Police are designed to regulate, control, or keep order with or as if with a law enforcement agency. The functions of the police are to enforce the law, investigate crimes, apprehend criminals, maintain public order, prevent and reduce crime, and ensure community safety. The prosecutorial phase is perhaps the most critical stage of the criminal justice process, as it is at this point that many of the rights of an alleged offender and crime victim are brought into play. The offender's rights in the court proceedings include: The right to have legal representation.