Took many principles of progressivism and translated them into foreign policy. 11] Espionage and Sedition Acts - basically gave the US a right to convict anybody of treason if they were suspected of getting secret information and giving it to the enemy. Mainly went against the socialist parties. 12] Schenck v. United States - a United States Supreme Court decision concerning the question of whether the defendant possessed a First Amendment right to free speech against the draft during World War I. The court said that his criminal conviction was constitutional because the first amendment didn't protect speech encouraging insubordination.
After World War two, the world split into two distinct camps. Propaganda was use to justify or condemn about such as the United States and the Soviet Union became engaged in proxy wars against one another. As a result, propagandists ought to portray an enemy nation as harboring all the qualities that were adverse to their own conception of liberty and progress. The differences between American capitalist democracy and Soviet socialist totalitarianism came from their systems. The American government went out of its way to portray communists as scarier and more not the same as what Americans were.
United States ), is a seminal case in Constitutional Law, representing the first time that the U.S. Supreme Court heard a First Amendment challenge to a federal law on free speech grounds. On December 20, 1917, Charles Schenck was convicted in federal district court for violating the Espionage Act, which prohibited individuals from obstructing military recruiting, hindering enlistment, or promoting insubordination among the armed forces of the United States. Schenck, who was the general secretary of the Socialist party in the United States, had been indicted for mailing antidraft leaflets to more than fifteen thousand men in Philadelphia. The leaflets equated the draft with Slavery, characterized conscripts as criminals, and urged opposition to American involvement in World War I. Schenck appealed his conviction to the Supreme Court, which agreed to hear the case. Attorneys for Schenck challenged the constitutionality of the Espionage Act on First Amendment grounds.
The government accused Schenck of illegally interfering with military equipment, violating the Espionage Act which prohibits all false statements that interfere with the military power. The court ruled against Schenck and created the clear and present danger test: “whether the words are used in such circumstances as to create a clear and present danger” as Justice Wendell Holmes stated. Overall, the Schenck case rules that freedom of speech could be limited by the government. The true threat doctrine also contributes to if song lyrics should be protected by the first amendment. The Supreme Court ruled in Watts v. United States that “a threat must be distinguished from what is constitutionally protected speech.” Robert Watts made a statement during a rally in the Washington Monument grounds in August 1966: “If they ever make me
Should George Bush be impeached?DS: Do you think George Bush should be impeached? NS: I think there is a case for him to be impeached, but I don’t think it would be a good idea. The reason I say there is a case because partly under the Constitution it’s high crimes and misdemeanors, which are not defined and the latest precedent we have is having a blow job in the Oval Office and lying about it is considered to be a high crime and misdemeanor. Well, Bush, has clearly lied to Congress, the American People, to the media about much more serious infractions and violations of the Constitution. He’s had a view that as Commander-in-Chief he can do whatever he wants, that he’s above the law, that he doesn’t have to abide by the laws that are duly
Domestic Aspects of the Cold war Many things related to the cold war where domestic, Created in 1938, HUAC (house of Un-American Activities Committee) investigated allegations of communists in the U.S. Many people feared the committee because of its power to subpoena anyone and had a lot of power. in 1947 president Truman issues Executive Order 9835 which creates the Loyalty Program. The loyalty program will investigate government employees in a hope to root out anyone with communism sympathies in American government. The loyalty program ran background checks on 3 million government employees.
Was a nationwide anti hysteria provoked by a mounting fear was a revolution that changed then American way of life. It was about Socialist revolution and political radicalism. Prohibition of alcohol or Prohibition for short was the legal act of prohibiting the manufacture transport and sale of alcohol and alcoholic beverages was instituted with ratification of the eighteenth amendment. Congress passed the “Volstead Act” on October 28,
They were an established political organization call the Nation Liberation Front. Basically they were terrorists who were aided by North Vietnam to suppress the South Vietnamese government. The United States became the enemy of the Viet Cong because they were supporting the South Vietnamese independence. Also, like North Vietnamese, anyone who did not conform to their beliefs was considered an enemy and killed. Fearing communism the United States government committed their troops to defend South Vietnam.
Wilson’s sympathies; 3.) Zimmermann telegram. * People reluctant to join due to the memory of the Civil War and the horrors of trench warfare, and the belief that it was Europe’s issue, not America’s. * Wilson’s response? Whip up enthusiasm through propaganda (Selective Service Act) and persecute those who spoke out against the war (Espionage Act).
Red Scare denotes the promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism, used by anti-leftist proponents. Scopes Trial was a famous American legal case in 1925 in which a high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach evolution in any state-funded