Case Study: Malaria
Malaria in sub-Saharan Africa is a problem of dimensions unlike those seen anywhere else in the world today. Malaria, which can be fatal, is transmitted to humans by mosquito vectors of the Anopheles species. The magnitude of malaria in Africa is affected by a variety of factors, none of which addressed alone is likely to effect a resolution. It is further compounded by the generally poor social and economic conditions in sub-Saharan Africa.
In the first reading, The Making of a Tropical Disease, malaria parasite has a life cycle that has many stages involving a human host and an insect host. In the mosquito sexual reproduction occurs by the parasite. In humans, cell division occurs and the parasite reproduces asexually. This process happens first in the liver cells then reproduction happens in the red blood cells. The mosquito must bite the human host for the human to get the malaria parasite. When the mosquito bites the skin it begins to suck the human blood. During the time that the mosquito sucks the human blood, it also injects malaria plasmodia. The Making of a Tropical Disease embodies much more important information regarding the disease, malaria, and its background information. This article described malaria in a more biologically inclined way, thus exploring information pertaining to how malaria is sexually and asexually produced. This reading also explores the ecological factors, demographics, and objectives such as transmission and evolutionary adaptation to the rapid spread of malaria across the globe, with a significant amount of cases appearing in Africa. This information was beneficial to know because it provided a substantial amount of information of how malaria operates. It corresponds to what is taught in lecture because it allowed me to apply knowledge learned in lecture to the reading, for example, the article describes how virulence plays a role in disability.
The second article, “The Economic and Social Burden of...