Case Study

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Case Study 1 1. What is the association between belly pain and STDS? The association between belly pain and STDS in women is pelvic inflammatory disease which is an infection and inflammation of the female reproductive organs that causes symptoms such as lower abdominal pain. It is serious complication of some sexually transmitted disease (STDS), especially chlamydia and gonorrhea. As Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has remarked, “it is a serious complication of some sexually transmitted diseases, especially chlamydia and gonorrhea.” 2. What causes the belly pain exactly? Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is what causes the abdominal pain. “PID is a serious infection in the upper genital tract/ reproductive organs (uterus fallopian tubes and ovaries) of a female” (American Social Health Asscociation, 2012). 3. Is the belly pain a serious sign? Yes, the belly pain is a serious sign. The cause of belly pain is pelvic inflammatory disease. “If pelvic inflammatory disease goes untreated may scar tissue collections of infected fluid (abscesses) to develop in a females fallopian tubes and damage her reproductive organs” ("Pelvic inflammatory disease," 2011). 4. What diagnostic tests are called for? Treatment? Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may be difficult to diagnose. A health care provider may order tests to identify the infection-causing organism (e.g., chlamydial or gonorrheal infection) or a pelvic ultrasound is a helpful procedure for diagnosing PID. After observing diagnostic test results the health care provider will determine and prescribe the best therapy. PID can be cured with several types of antibiotics. “Samples of the bacteria from the upper genital tract are difficult to obtain and because many different organisms may be responsible for PID” (Stoppler 2012). The doctor will usually prescribe at least two antibiotics at the

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