Case Study

1559 WordsJul 12, 20127 Pages
Case Study: Schizophrenia Case Study: Schizophrenia Psychological disorders are characterized by unusual behavior, faulty perception of reality, personal distress, and dangerous or self-defeating behaviors. Psychological disorders are also referred to as psychiatric disorders and vice versa. Psychological disorders are classified into categories that enable psychologists to describe the disorders, predict outcomes, consider treatments, and encourage research. There are several models by which to properly diagnose and differentiate one diagnosis from another as there may be disorders that have symptoms that are much like the ones from others. The diagnosis of psychological disorders requires evaluating and gathering information from the DSM-IV model. The DSM IV models aids in the diagnosis of the disorders by using a multi-axial system of classification (Franklin, 2010). The DSM IV has five key areas called axes by which classification is determined. Axe one is the record of diagnosis. Axe two is the record of long standing personality problems or mental retardation. Axe three is the record of any medical condition(s) that psychologically affect the patient. Axe four is the record of any significant psychosocial or environmental problems that the patient may have experienced. The final axe is the record of assessment for the patient’s ability to function. There are several major classes of psychological disorders. Some of those classes are anxiety disorder, affective disorder, and schizophrenia disorder. The case study identified in this paper is a classified under schizophrenia disorder. The Case of Sally In the case of Sally, Sally was a woman with a not so normal life from the beginning of her existence. As a child, she developed slowly yet was also an active child yet at times also beyond hyperactive. Sally grew up in a home that was a bit chaotic as her

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