In the most extreme cases, breathing may become difficult or organ failure may occur. 4. Which symptom that nick has described so far are relevant to the nervous system? Are his symptoms sensory, motor or both? d. Being unbalanced e. Pains in feet f. Dizziness g. Both 5.
Unit 8 Case Study 1 Nick’s Story Cathy Shively GE 258 Due: February 27, 2014 Unit 8 Case Study 1 Nick’s Story A. Which symptoms that Nick has described so far are relevant to the nervous system? Are his symptoms sensory, motor or both? The symptoms that Nick has described that are relevant to the nervous system are the weird pains in his feet, like burning and prickling and he gets real dizzy when he sits down or stands up. Nick’s symptoms are both sensory and motor.
A. Which symptoms that Nick has described so far are relevant to the nervous system? Are his symptoms sensory, motor, or both?- The symptoms that he’s described so far that are related to the nervous system are the burning, prickling sensations and pain in his feet, loss of balance, trouble focusing his eyes, and trouble hearing. His symptoms are sensory and motor. B.
Case Study 12 1. The myasthenia gravis has affected his voice and has affected his ability to use his skeletal muscles correctly and these muscles are important in speech. 2. They have trouble holding their heads up because the muscles acetylcholine receptors are not working and this is because the myasthenia gravis and their ability to contract is reduced. 3.
The pituitary gland makes a hormone called adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce its hormones. Inadequate production of ACTH can lead to insufficient production of hormones normally produced by your adrenal glands, even though your adrenal glands aren't damaged. Doctors call this condition secondary adrenal insufficiency. Another more common cause of secondary adrenal insufficiency occurs when people who take corticosteroids for treatment of chronic conditions, such as asthma or arthritis, abruptly stop taking the corticosteroids. Addisonian crisis: If you have untreated Addison's disease, an addisonian crisis may be provoked by physical stress, such as an injury, infection or illness.
A person’s own immune system attacks the myelin sheath that surrounds the axon of the nerves. Once the myelin sheath is damaged, the nerves cannot transmit signals properly. Nerve damage leads to muscle weakness, loss of reflexes, and numbing or tingling of the hands and feet. This is caused by the muscles loss of ability to respond to the brains commands. GBS is not often fatal but in rare cases people have died from GBS.
Lack of appetite, feeling sick or feeling agitated and irritable. Some people may also experience excessive sweating. Side effect are different depending on the type of medication. • Analgesics – Also known as pain killers. These are used to relieve aches and pains.
Some patients may experience tremors in just one hand while others experiences tremors in an entire hemisphere of their body. The muscle stiffness associated with Parkinson’s is typically a symptom that gets worse over time. It affects muscles all over your body and what might start out as a general feeling of stiffness and impaired ability to move comfortably could in later stages progress to trouble swallowing or using the bathroom. Slowed movement, trouble with balance and walking, and other symptoms such as difficulty talking, completing tasks, and depression are all struggles that those affected by PD are at risk for experiencing. It is also important to note that most of these symptoms appear subtlety and gradually worsen over time.
Phantom Limb Syndrome Phantom Limb Syndrome is basically sensations, stimulations or pains felt in a limb after it has been amputated. Dr. Ramachandran describes this phenomenon as receptors in the somatosensory cortex receiving signals from surrounding receptors after its corresponding limb has been amputated, almost cross wiring the receptors per se. People like Derick Stein, an amputee, will even feel incredible pain where their limb(s) once were or in their phantom limb. Many different things have been attempted to quiet down eliminate these pains and incredible sensations of discomfort, from different types of physical therapy to medications. In the somatosensory cortex there are receptors that are connected to all parts of your body, Dr. Ramachandran describes this as “a map of the surface of the body, every point on the surface of the body has a connecting point in your brain.” (Ramachandran).
Wernicke-Korsakoff’s Syndrome Jane Jennings Liberty University Wernicke-Korsakoff’s Syndrome Abstract Thiamin is an essential vitamin required for proper functioning of brain. Its deficiency leads to two serious diseases known as Wernicke’s encephalopathy and Korsakoff syndrome. Initially, Wernicke’s encephalopathy is caused but if it remains untreated or inadequately treated, it leads to a more severe condition that is, Korsakoff syndrome. These diseases occur most commonly in those persons who consume alcohol excessively and are malnutrition as excessive alcohol consumption leads to less absorption of nutrients from the food taken in. Major symptoms of these diseases include confusion, ataxia, double vision, retrograde amnesia,