Case Studies on Volcanoes and Earthquakes Essay

897 WordsFeb 19, 20154 Pages
DISASTER | BACKGROUND | SHORT TERM SOCIAL | LONG TERM SOCIAL | SHORT TERM ECONOMIC | LONG TERM ECONOMIC | SHORT TERM PHYSICAL | LONG TERM PHYSICAL | IMMEDIATE RESPONSE | LONG TERM RESPONSE | Mount Nyiragongo Volcanic Eruption 2002 | * Active stratovolcano in East African Rift DRC * 3470m high with 2km wide crater and lava lake inside * Proximal to towns of Goma & Lake Kivu * Eruption 17 Jan 2002 * Several months before was increase in seismic and fumarolic activity. Many stayed near site due to lack of education * 13 km fissure south side * UN scientists lead 400000 evac | * Goma split into 2 by lava flows * 4500 (40%) buildings destroyed * 120000 homeless * 14 villages destroyed * 2 hospitals destroyed | * 400000 fled, over half to Rwandan border * Looting in Goma after people left * Cholera outbreak at refugee camp as no clean water or electricity * Death toll: 147 * Water treatment plant destroyed not helping | * Lava crossed the runway at Goma meaning airport was unusable * Destruction of crops was bad for local economy as only real mean of income * 80% of economic area destroyed | * Attracts more volcanologists to the area and adding a tiny amount of money to local economy. Most stay enclosed within labs and round the volcano | * Land around volcano was ruined – a fifth of Goma | * Formation of a lava lake within the crater with constant eruptions now | * The destruction of the runway meant no big aircrafts could deliver aid * UN supplied 220 tonnes of aid to refugees * Poor infrastructure meant aid could not make it to most vulnerable * Fears of endemics like cholera and diarrhoea just avoided * Goma volcano Observation was updated with help from international community hopefully reducing the chance of a repeat event | Mount St Helens Volcanic Eruption 1980 | * Active stratovolcano in
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