Case Problem Bl 260

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Keshia Warnken Case Project Professor Howard Hammer Case Project Part One- Table Part Two Theories Negligence/Hospital Negligence Negligence is a tort. “Tort” means a legal wrong, breach of duty, or negligent or unlawful act or omission proximately causing injury or damage to another (Ind. Ann. Code $ 34-18-2-28).Negligence is defined as a failure to exercise that degree of care that a person of ordinary prudence would exercise under like circumstances; or as conduct that creates an undue risk of harm to others; the negligence theory of liability protects interests related to safety or freedom from physical harm(21 Ind. Law Encyc. Negligence $ 1). The rule of liability for negligence is the same whether the injured person is a child or an adult and a person is not liable unless there is a breach of duty owed to the child. Persons entrusted with children have a duty to exercise ordinary and reasonable care and supervision for the safety of children under their control. A caretaker is not an insurer of the safety of a child has no duty to foresee and guard against every possible hazard (21 Ind. Law Encyc. Negligence $2). Torts are comprised of four elements: 1.) The defendant owed a duty of care to the plaintiff 2.) The defendant breached that duty 3.) The plaintiff suffered a legally recognizable injury 4.) The defendant’s breach caused the plaintiff’s injury When these elements are brought together, they unitedly constitute actionable negligence. The test of negligence is what a person of ordinary prudence or a reasonable person would or would not do in the same or similar circumstances. Negligence that renders one liable to another who is injured thereby is the doing of some act or thing that it is his or her duty to refrain from doing or in failing to do some act or thing that it is such

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