The plaintiff in this case, Mrs. Palsgraf, was aboard a Long Island Railroad train. As she was standing on the train’s platform, two men ran and jumped upon the train to catch it. One of the two men, the second running, happened to be carrying a small package. This package happened to contain fireworks. A guard on the platform helped this man board along with another guard on the train itself but while doing so the man dropped his package containing the explosives and when it hit the tracks it simultaneously exploded.
If the pedestrian sues the company, Hotspur, there can be a recovery for the injury. The principal (employer) becomes liable for the agent's (employee) torts (wrongs), if the torts are committed within the scope of the agency or scope of the employment. This would fall under the theory of liability called “the doctrine of repondeat superior” and imposes indirect liability on a principal without regard to the personal fault of the principal for torts committed by an agent in the scope of the agency. In this case, the employee was not necessarily acting outside the scope of employment merely because she does something that he should not do. The employer cannot disclaim liability simply by showing that the employee had been directed not to do what he did.
Argued March 26, 1979. Decided May 21, 1979. CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE EIGHTH CIRCUIT. 769*769 Stephen M. Shapiro argued the cause for the United States. With him on the briefs were Solicitor General McCree, Assistant 770*770 Attorney General Heymann, Robert J. Erickson, and David Ferber.
The states reported in the North Eastern Reporter are Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, New York, and Ohio. They are U.S. state appellate courts. 3. A) Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Company 248 N.Y. 339, 162 N.E. 99 (N.Y. 1928) B) C) Chief Judge Benjamin Cardozo D) The United
Without a warning hundreds of thousands of Hiroshima residents were instantly killed by an atomic bomb the size of a small home, devouring the entire city. Being the first nuclear weapon in history, President Truman claimed the results were not intended to be so powerful and destructive as they proved to be. Truman believed that by dropping the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the war would end. Although it did just that, there were many other peaceful ways of resolving this war. Both countries wanted the
George Washington and the American Revolution. (New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, 2007), p. 45.  Carolyn, Gard. The French and Indian War: A Primary Source History of the Fight for territory in North America. (London: The Rosen Publishing Group, 2004).
Brat Simpson and Arty Dodger case. However, there is a similar case in terms of the damages being sought, the Hudson's Bay Company v. David James White case. In this case, the Hudson's Bay Company sued Mr. White seeking punitive damages and damages for the surveillance, investigation and apprehension of Mr. White arising out of his shoplifting activity. In the result, the plaintiff was awarded "…judgment for trespass against the defendant in the nominal $300.00. The judge in the Hudson’s Bay Company case awarded the plaintiff damages for surveillance and investigation; this is similar to what is being sought in the Northland Corp v. Brat Simpson, Arty Dodger case, the action against the defendants is for the amount of $750.00 for the “cost of security, prorated between offenders caught shoplifting within the store and the amount owing remains a just debt improperly withheld by the Defendants.” The only reason the judge in the Hudson’s Bay Company case gave for awarding the damages was that, "…the case cries out for an award of punitive damages”.
Hustler V. Falwell The case of Larry Flynt, Hustler Magazine, and Flynt Distributing Co. vs. Jerry Falwell is an assertion that the First and Fourteenth Amendments prohibit public figures and public officials from recovering damages for the tort of intentional infliction of emotional distress by reason of the publication of a caricature. Jerry Falwell, a nationally known minister and commentator on political issues, sued Larry Flynt of Hustler Magazine for an ad parody he published in Hustler Magazine in 1983. The decision by the United States Supreme Court held a unanimous 8-0 vote in favor of Flynt. After two honorable discharges from the military, Flynt used his savings to buy a serious of bars and eventually established the Hustler Club, which was the first arena to feature nude hostess dancers. He proceeded to open Hustler Clubs in popular cities like Cleveland, and so began his fame.
The anarchist used the Postal System to send over 20 bombs which were to explode upon opening, however the authorities discovered these bombs before they could detinate, and cause any harm. The government was devastated however because the bombs were being sent to prominent business owners and politicians. One such bomb exploded on the doorstep of the U.S Attorney