What is authority? Authority in politics is the right of some person (The Prime Minister) or institution (The Government) to make political decisions and can be utilized through force as in a dictatorship or consent within a democracy. When authority is present, you have the right to give orders and become the obligation of others to obey. Authority is usually based on legitimacy. If a leader was to hold power and traditional authority, in situations like North Korea, then it is a circumstance of which the citizens have to comply with any policy
The Judicial Branch, has power that is, arguably, unregulated; power to overturn decisions by both the Executive and Legislative Branches. How does a judicial branch with unrestrained power fit into a democratic society? At first, it would seem impossible, yet judicial review may be single-handedly responsible for the preservation of democracy, and more importantly, liberty in America. In America’s democratic society, between the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches of government, the Judicial Branch may sometimes be regarded as the branch of government with the least amount of power. A closer analysis of the United States’ system of government might reveal that the Judicial Branch holds a great deal of power.
Through political participation, we empower leaders we hope will have policies for the general good, betterment of society, the public interest in mind. The text discusses different forms of power, one of them being hard power. Hard power being the use of military force, threat of force, or other coercive measures. Governments have used hard power throughout history. One example cited in the text is Nazi Germany.
What is a republic? What is republican? A republic is a state in which citizens are the subjects and objects of their own laws. A republican is a person committed to citizen self rule. Machiavelli yearns to create a republic comprised of citizens who are politically active creatures who in the formation of collective policy transform their own selfish and egoistic needs, interests and concerns into a common good; a common good that is not indicative of a genera will of a flock of sheep but is instead a manifestation of a republican state populated by individual autonomous citizens.
At one end of the continuum, political actors can take constitutional forms as a given and make policy decisions under it, filling government offices and exercising government power in (constitutionally) noncontroversial ways. Policymaking seeks to exercise constitutional authority, and its implications for elaborating or altering constitutional meaning are only implicit. At the other end of the spectrum, political actors can engage in revolution and replace the existing constitutional order or document wholesale in favour of a new one. The Articles of Confederation can be displaced in favour of the U.S. Constitution. Less extreme than revolution is creation, which adds new text to a pre-existing Constitution.
One of them is the domination by the authority of office, which showed a strong need for obedience from power (Allen, 2004). Weber thought more deeply about his legitimate authority and pointed out that there are three ideal types of it in history. None of these types exist in pure form in the real world, but they can be used as a tool to analyse political issues (Allen, 2004). Moreover, Weber classifies specific political concepts as ‘ideal types’ in order to solve the problem that political concepts are considered as things instead of the tool to understand things. Therefore, it is vital to notice that ideal types are only tools to analyse and should be regarded as how useful they are instead of
Question What is constitutionalism? How does it differ from absolutism? Constitutionalism, as opposed to absolutism, balances authority throughout the government. Not only does it create equilibrium in governance, it also gives liberties and rights to its people. It does so by consisting of a set of rules and principles, “.
How are governments created? What constitutes the process as being successful and under what conditions? How are the limits, guidelines, and responsibilities of a triumphant and legitimate government and what and what are the consequences if the goals aren’t met fairly or correctly? The only way to answer these questions is to look at the reality concealed beneath the power of civilizations and government. Good and evil are hidden deep within the pages of history, and are the results of the behavior and leadership of single or multiple actors.
Q. What are the links between democracy, social justice and citizenship? Refer to the concept of substantive citizenship. The Marshallian definition of citizenship is the participation in civic, political and welfare institutions of modern society (Turner 1993, p.176). The Rawlsian concept of social justice can be broadly defined by its three constituent parts: what a person owes society, what people in that society owe each other and what society owes the people (Chenoweth & McAuliffe 2012, pp.41-42).
For some, pressure groups are a fundamental part of democracy. To others, pressure groups undermine the whole principle of democracy. Democracy is a system of government where decisions are arrived at by majoritarian principles with representatives elected at periodic elections where political equality and political freedom allow the voter an effective choice between competing candidates in a secret ballot. How do pressure groups fit in with this concept? In the pluralist model of democracy, pressure groups play an essential role.