This city was known as Peter’s “window to the west” because it opened up many trading routes with other countries. Peter “The Great” died in St. Petersburg in 1725. He is buried at the Peter and Paul Cathedral. Peter “The Great” is the most responsible monarch for “westernizing” Russia. He made several different reforms to give more power to the central government and the Tsar, he promoted military, and he improved the Russian economy.
There are many historians that argue if the minority council had influence over the causes in either the long or short term causes of the War of the Roses. In John Gillingham’s book, ‘the War of the Roses,’ quotes that ‘the Lancastrian council ruled economically and well’,’ which meant that despite the ‘personal rivalries between the king’s uncles’ they made sure they kept it ‘confined to quarrels in the council chamber’ and the minority is described as being ‘remarkable’ due to the fact that the Anglo-Burgundian alliance
One was led by his son, Amun-her-khepeshef, and it chased warriors of the Šhasu across the Negev to the Dead Sea, and captured Edom-Seir. Then they marched on to capture Moab. The other force, led by Ramesses attacked Jerusalem and Jericho. He, too, then entered Moab, where he joined up with his son. The reunited army then marched on Hesbon, Damascus, then to Kumidi, and finally captured Upi, reestablishing Egypt's old
He later marched into Egypt where he was welcomed as a savior. One of the most important battles was the battle at Gaugamela, in which Alexander finally defeated Darius III. Alexander eventually goes on all the way to India until he decides to return. His military prowess is important because it unifies the East and West. He establishes a multiracial kingdom in which he sets to establish a unity of common Greek culture.
482 – 565 Justinian the Great, was Byzantine Emperor from 527 to 565. During his reign, Justinian sought to revive the Empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the Roman empire. Greek Fire- a weapon used by the Eastern Roman Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines usually used it in battles to great effect as it could continue burning while floating on water. It provided a technological advantage, and was responsible for many key Byzantine military victories, most notably the salvation of Constantinople from two Arab sieges, thus securing the Empire's survival.
He began to rule on his own Louis XIV filled his counsels with families loyal to royalty and rising politicians (who would be dependent on him for their status) He did not take away the nobility's local powers Usually informally consulted with the parlement before making decisions Exception: Curtailed Paris parlement's power to register the King's laws • Had to register the law before questioning it ➢ Versailles Louis XIV used propaganda against the nobles He could outspend them He created an enormous palace in Versailles Modeled after the “sun king” Cost a ton of money, but the political dividends were amazing Nobles could pay to live there • Depleting their resources • Becoming dependent on Louis XIV Nobles realized that Louis XIV would preserve the social structure, keeping them in control of local politics ➢ King by Divine Right Bishop Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet defended the
Justinian was one of ther greatest Emperorors of all time. As ruler of the Byzantine Empire, Justinian created many thngs during his reign; like the Hagia Sophia Church. He played a big role in the military. He also created the legal code and renovated the byzantine Empirebuilt many public works, created a beautiful church known as the Hagia Sophia, created the legal code, and had a large role in military. Justinian left a mark on the world and his name is still known today.
Basil, by attacking the over powerful, gained power. This was accomplished because when Basil attacked the people in power he gain land and money, which he later gave to the small farmers of his empire. These farmers then proceeded to participate in his service by paying higher taxes, contributing to the wealth of his country, and by giving good word of him to other farmers and civilians around the Byzantine empire. When Basil gained the heavy amount of money the farmers had to offer, he then left a high treasury for the emperors to come. Basil the seconded was a very bold, stingy, and conservative emperor whose unbelievable qualities were highlighted by the powerful government he lead.
Both governments focused on expanding their empire. Cyrus, founder of the Persian Empire, took over the Babylonian civilization when the Babylonians welcomed Cyrus as their king, and his son, Cambyses II, captured Egypt. The Persians expanded even further during the rule of Darius I, who extended Persian control eastward as far as the Indus river valley, westward into Europe. As well as that, the empire erected forts in Thrace, promoted the development of maritime routs and completed a canal linking the Red Sea to the Nile. The massive expansions made it so that Darius I’s empire was the largest the world has ever seen.
In the mid-12th century, the Turkic ruler Saladin rose to lead the Seljuks and succeeded in uniting the fragmented Muslim armies of Southwest Asia and North Africa. To Saladin, the Christian armies were the infidels that had to be evicted. When Saladin’s forces took Jerusalem, the call went out across Europe to launch another crusade. Three kings came forward-Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, King Phillip II of France, and King Richard I, later known as Richard the Lionheart of England. Held in 1187-1192.