He attended high school at Haverstraw High. He continued to college at Cornell University from which he completed a double major in psychology and music. Brofenbrenner went to Harvard for his graudate degree in developmental psychology. He got his Ph.D in the same field. In his scholarly work, Brofenbrenner pursued three mutually reinforcing themes: Developing theory and corresponding research designs to advance the field of developmental psychology; laying out the implications and applications of developmental theory and research for policy and practice; and communicating the findings of developmental research to students, the general public, and to decision-makers
After Graduating, he took his first post at Stanford University in 1953 where he has worked ever since. In 1963, along with his colleagues Dorothea Ross & Sheila Ross they set up an experiment to investigate whether aggressive behaviour would be imitated by children. This was done by observing them under different circumstances, recording the results and analysing them. (Investigating Psychology, Open University 2010 page 109) The Experiment The experiment consisted of 96 children with an equal split of boys & girls, ranging from the ages of 3-6 years and was conducted on an individual basis. The group was divided into 4 equal groups; * Group 1 – Observed a live model behaving aggressively towards a blow up doll * Group 2 – Observed a film of a live model behaving aggressively towards the doll * Group 3 – Observed a film of a cartoon model behaving aggressively towards the doll * Group 4 – Observed NO aggressive behaviour towards the doll The experiments were carried out in the same
He spent a particularly hard time at the boarding school where he suffered from lack of parental care and affection. It was this childhood suffering that led him to develop the theories on child development. Bowlby attended Trinity College at Cambridge where he studied pre-clinical sciences and psychology. He graduated from there winning the title for outstanding intellectual performance. After that, he started studying at University College Hospital in London at the age of twenty-two.
This lasted for a year and he returned to Germany and enrolled in art school. After several years, Erikson began to teach art and other subjects to children of Americans who had come to Vienna for Freudian training. He was then admitted into the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. He moved to the United States and became a U.S. citizen in 1939 where he taught at several major universities including Harvard, Yale, and the University of California at Berkley. Erick Erikson believed in the Neo-Freudian
Ashley Dufrenne AICE Psychology 13 August 2012 “Can We Trust?” Pamela Meyer is a specialist in advanced interviewing and interrogation techniques, facial micro expression reading, body language reading, statement analysis, and behavior techniques. For the book Lie Spotting, she worked with a team of researchers over several years and completed a comprehensive survey of all of the published research on deception detection. In her video “How to Spot a Liar”, she discusses how deception plays a part of daily lives, sometimes without knowing. One of the concepts that Meyer examines are the non verbal cues in lying. If his lips are silent, he chatters with his finger tips” (Freud), which brings the first non verbal indication of lying which is smiling.
He happened onto psychology by chance when he was attending the University of British Columbia and needed an early class to complete his schedule. He continued his study of psychology at the University of Iowa where he went on to receive his master’s degree and his Ph.D. (p. 484 - 485). Bandura is a leading psychologist of the 21st Century who is recognized as the pioneer of the social cognition theory, which is developed from the assumption that we abstract information from others, and learn in this process. It rests a central role to cognitive, vicarious, self-regulatory and self-reflective processes in human adaptation and change. Self-efficacy Self-efficacy is central to Bandura's concept of social cognitive learning, emphasizing
| Carl Jung ‘personality types’ | 2,752 Words | 9/2/2013 | Carl Jung personality types Carl Jung (1875- 1961) a Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist grew up in a very rural community and within a very religious family. For him growing up in the times of Charles Darwin meant that established ideas about religion were being challenged; however he considered spirituality as a vital component to a healthy psyche. His earlier work was greatly influenced by Freud for a number of years as they both had a keen interest in the unconscious mind. Jung explored this by studying dreams, myths and fantasies through creative play, encouraging his clients to experience things for themselves and where able to also develop their own ideas. In 1913 some of his new ideas did not fit in with Freud’s theories forcing him to break away to carry on with his work of developing ‘Analytical Psychology’.
Born in 1902, Carl Rogers was brought up in a very religious family who believed in the virtues of hard work. At the age of twelve, his family bought a farm – Rogers believed one of their reasons for doing so to remove the adolescents of the family from the temptations of suburban life. It was in this new farm environment that Rogers demonstrated much aptitude and interest in science, including scientific controls. Rogers early years in college opened up his understanding of the world. Here, Rogers was given the opportunity to travel to China, see the impact World War II had on French German relations (they hated one another, despite each being a likeable individual), was forced to expand his thinking outside the religious beliefs his
In 1896 as director of the psychology department at the University of Pennsylvania; Lightner Wilmer (former student of Wilhelm Wundt), was responsible for the doors opening to the first psychology clinic (Compas & Gotlib, 2001). Wilmer inspiration began with assisting a young child who had difficulties with spelling; which ultimately is how he originated the first periodical in the field of psychology. It was through the opening of the psychology clinic that “clinical psychology” derived. By 1914, these clinics expanded throughout the United States. Clinical psychology is defined as “the study of individuals, by observation or experimentation, with the intention of promoting change” (Compas & Gotlib, 2001).
After several years, Erikson began to teach art and other subjects to children of Americans who had come to Vienna for Freudian training. He was then admitted into the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. In 1933 he came to the U.S. and became Boston's first child analyst and obtained a position at the Harvard Medical School. Erik Erikson explored three aspects of identity: the ego identity (self), personal identity (the personal idiosyncrasies that distinguish a person from another, social/cultural identity (the collection of social roles a person might play). Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood.