Cardiovascular System: Blood Lab Report

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Cardiovascular System: Blood Lab Report assistant Exercise 1: Observing Blood Questions A. What are the components of blood? Components of blood are: Red blood cells White blood cells Plasma and Platelets B. What is the function of red blood cells? The main function of red blood cell is to transport oxygen in blood to all cells of the body. Types of leukocytes are: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes and lymphocytes. Neutrophils: Neutrophils attack the infection before other white blood cells. They are the most numerous…show more content…
Describe how the ABO blood typing system works. The ABO blood groups are based on which of two antigens, type A or type B. Absence of both antigens results in type O blood, presence of both antigens leads to type AB, and the presence of either A or B antigen yields type A or B blood. B. Why is it important for everyone to know their own blood type? It is important for everybody to know their blood type because the antibodies react with RBC’s that have different antigens causing the cells to become clumped, agglutinated and eventually rupture. C. Describe what would happen if type A blood were transfused into a person with type B blood. A person with type A blood have A antigen on their blood cells and anti-B antibodies floating throughout their blood. People with type B blood however have B antigens and anti-A antibodies. When the type A person receives a transfusion from the type B person, the anti-B antibodies will attack the incoming B antigen laced blood cells, marking it for removal by the rest of the immune system. If an Rh− person receives mismatched blood that is, Rh+, shortly after the transfusion his or her immune system becomes sensitized and begins producing antibodies anti-Rh+ antibodies against the foreign blood

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