Cardiovascular Disease Essay

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Cardiovascular Disease Heart attack, ischemia, necrosis, hypertension, and death are all part of heart disease. Heart disease is also known as cardiovascular disease (CVD). “Cardiovascular disease has been described as a ‘modern epidemic,’ with it representing the second preventable cause of death in the United States of America, second only to smoking. The disease claimed 927,448 lives in 2002, that’s 38 percent of all the deaths and it accounts for the most deaths worldwide” (The Cardiovascular Disease). CVD can be prevented by following a healthy diet, exercising, and by obtaining optimal health; instead Americans are obese and lack access to resources that will help maintain optimal health. Obesity is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease. Healthy People 2020 (Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 2011) has labeled CVD as one of the Nation’s top health objectives. They suggest that if Americans practice good nutrition, regular physical activity, and maintain a healthy body weight that they can decrease their risk of developing serious health conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke (Nutrition, physical activity, and obesity, “n.d.”). Dietary Guidelines for Americans (U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [USDA and HHS], 2010, p. IX) recommends that the consumer maintain a level of exercise equal to their caloric intake. The USDA and HHS (2010) also recommend focusing on consuming nutrient-dense foods and beverages—vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products, seafood, lean meats and poultry, eggs, beans and peas, and nuts and seeds. By following these recommendations the consumer can prevent themselves from becoming obese and will certainly decrease their risk of chronic diseases like CVD. According to the

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