Cardiovascular Essay

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Lifestyle Diseases: Cardiovascular Diseases -sampada bista (iii pyes) 1. Meaning OF LIFESTYLE DISEASES * A disease associated with the way a person or group of people live. Lifestyle diseases include atherosclerosis, heart disease, stroke, obesity, diabetes and diseases associated with smoking and alcohol and drug abuse. * Lifestyle Diseases are diseases that are caused partly by unhealthy behaviours and partly by other factors. * They are called this because a person’s habits, behaviours and practices largely determine whether a person develops a lifestyle disease. 2. DEFINITION * According to Segen’s Medical Dictionary, Lifestyle Disease can be defined as “Any condition e.g: obesity hypertension, cardiovascular disease, sports injuries, and some cancer- that is attributable, at least in parts, to lifestyle choices, e.g., smoking, alcohol and drugs, promiscuity, unsafe sex, exercise, etc” 3. FACTORS CAUSING LIFESTYLE DISEASES * Controllable Factors: These include habits, practices or behaviors you can change, you have control over them. Eg: smoking, eating habits, exercise, amount of sleep you get, etc. * Uncontrollable Factors: Factors you cannot change. They are Age, Race, Gender, Heredity 4. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES * These are diseases or disorders that result from damage to the heart and blood vessels. * Single largest killer of males and females * Almost 500,000 deaths per year * In 48% of men and 63% of women who die suddenly, there were no previous symptoms 5. 4 most common Cardiovascular Diseases :- * Stroke * Heart Attack * Arteriosclerosis * High Blood Pressure 6. Stroke (blood and oxygen are cut off to the brain) * Sudden attacks of weakness or paralysis (loss of muscle function) that occurs when blood flow to an area of the brain is interrupted. *

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