Cardiovascular Essay

665 WordsSep 2, 20133 Pages
Although this disease is 95 percent preventable, developing countries face great economic challenges associated with the epidemic. For example, in South Africa, roughly 25 percent of the country’s gross national income of South African healthcare expenditures, were devoted to the direct treatment of CVD (Gaziano, 2005). In 2004, there were some indication of possible future expenditure in the United States, an estimated $368 billion in relation to direct and indirect costs of CVD. It was also reported that an estimated $26 billion was spent for the care of congestive heart failure patients. In some developed countries, studies suggested that obesity-related diseases are responsible for two to eight percent of all healthcare expenditures. Unlike other countries, the United Kingdom (UK), government focused on a different approach of CVD. The National Health Service,(NHS), checks, detect, and treat people at a higher risk are under pinned by policies benefiting the entire population; such as smoke free legislation and the progressive reduction in the salt content of processed food (BMJ, 2011). In 2004, it was reported, if a fully engaged population- wide prevention strategy can save £36bn ($48 billion US) a year. The Trust for American’s Health calculated a six for one return on investment for population- wide approaches to prevention in the United States (BMJ, 2011). Many studies have suggested that tobacco control programs and dietary salt reduction policies seem to be very cost effective. Cost-effectiveness ratios differ from region to region on the basis of input prices. There is no legal standard for what is cost-effective in the United States, it is stated that it can be ranged between $50, 000 to $100, 000 per quality-adjusted life-year, (QALY), this has become an accepted benchmark for policy makers and insurance agencies (Gaziano, 2005). In the UK, the

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