Carbohydrates Essay

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Carbohydrates are the main source of energy. Some of the main function of carbohydrates is to provide energy, regulate glucose and spare the use of proteins for energy. They can either be stored in starch from plants or in the liver. The reason cells need carbohydrates is to gain enough energy to continue their cellular work. For example, when the cells absorb the sugars they need, they will be able to carry out functions. The more carbohydrates the body stored, the more energy is used for the functions. The structure of carbohydrates helps constructs the building and storage of energy. Monosaccharides are the most important carbohydrates because they are the building blocks of the structure. They not only give cells energy as the sugars themselves but they can form into complex sugars as well. When they combine with other monosaccharide’s they created disaccharides and polysaccharides. This process of bonding monosaccharides is called a glycosidic linkage. Polysaccharides are complex carbohydrates joined together by glycosidic bonds. They are the storage material and the building material. For example, as the building material, they are responsible to protect the cells or the whole organism. As the storage material, it holds on to the amount of glucose until it releases which is the process called hydrolysis. Carbohydrates are very important sources of energy. They give organisms the energy we all need to move around and work. Our system needs the kind of fuel to retain balance in our bodies. For example, the nutritionists tell us to consume more complex sugars than simple sugars since it takes a longer time to digest. Without carbohydrates to fuel our bodies, fatigue will occur and our body systems and brain functions will shut down. Tissues will also break down and we would not function properly. Carbohydrates are one the main sources of

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