Furman's lawyers appealed all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court after the highest courts in Georgia upheld the conviction. Some issues in the case we that the Supreme Court held that Furman’s rights had been violated and that imposition and carrying out of the death penalty constitute cruel and unusual punishment in violation of Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. The Court listed several factors, such as the obvious tendency of courts to sentence blacks to death opposed to whites. Before 1972, capital punishment was inflicted in Georgia not only for murder but also for numerous other crimes, including treason, rape, castration, feticide, arson, mutiny in a penitentiary, insurrection, and attempted insurrection. Georgia and other states that provided for capital punishment used systems that gave juries broad discretion in deciding whether to impose the death penalty on persons convicted of death-eligible offenses.
CRJ 150 McCleskey v. Kemp The case began with Warren McCleskey, an African-American man who was sentenced to death in 1978 for killing a white police officer during the robbery of a Georgia furniture store. McCleskey appealed his conviction and sentence, relying on the Eighth Amendment’s ban on cruel and unusual punishment and the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of Equal Protection to argue that the death penalty in Georgia was administered in a racially discriminatory -- and therefore unconstitutional--manner. Jack Boger, then director of LDF’s Capital Punishment Project, argued the case before the Supreme Court on Mr. McCleskey’s behalf. Joining him on the briefs were Julius Chambers, James Nabrit III, Anthony G. Amsterdam, Deval Patrick, Robert Stroup, Vivian Berger, and Timothy Ford. In support of McCleskey’s argument, LDF presented the United States Supreme Court with strong statistical evidence showing that race played a pivotal role in the Georgia capital punishment system.
These examples would explain how the lives of Southerners would be ruined and that the country would come to an end if slaves were freed. On page 22, Dew gave portions of a speech, by Governor John J. Petus of Mississippi that was given to the state legislature. In this speech he said, “Secession was the only way to avoid the blight of Black Republicans politics and free Negro morals”, he continued to say that if slaves were freed, Mississippi would become “a cesspool of vice, crime and infamy” (22). Petus was attempting to rationalize that the state would become a haven of criminals if slaves were freed. What he was more than likely concerned with was the idea of losing the vast revenue accrued from slavery, but he used scare tactics to get approval for secession.
The Petitioners, despite not personally killing anyone, were convicted of capital murder in addition to armed robbery, kidnapping and car theft. Under Arizona law, a killing occurring during the perpetration of robbery or kidnapping is capital murder and each participant in the kidnapping or robbery is legally responsible for the acts of his accomplices. The Petitioners each were sentenced to death for the four murders. 5. History: The Petitioners, Ricky and Raymond Tison (Petitioners), were sentenced by a judge to death after conviction for four murders under accomplice liability and felony-murder statutes.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) is the name of several past and present secret domestic terrorist organizations in the United States, generally in the southern states, that are best known for advocating white supremacy and acting as vigilantes while hidden behind conical masks and white robes. The KKK has been known to utilize terrorism, violence, and lynching to intimidate and oppress African Americans, Jews, and Roman Catholics during periods of turmoil. The first Klan was founded in 1865 by veterans of the Confederate Army. Their main goal is to permute white supremacy in the aftermath of the American Civil War. The KKK quickly adopted violent methods.
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird harsh injustices are endowed upon the Negro race. This is because it is placed in the south, before many civil rights acts were fully respected. The Negro with the biggest injustice in the novel is Tom Robinson. Robinson is put on a trial for a crime that he clearly did not commit. Because the color of Robinson’s skin he is given an unfair trial and is found to be guilty by the jury.
| The Bryant’s were from the South and believed that Black people were inferior and could be disrespected. | People in the South did actually believe in the Jim Crow laws which stated that segregation was legal. | Bryant and Milam were sure that they would get away with the murder of Emmett Till. | Segregation: The separation of Black people and White people Lynching: The killing of Black people without a trial, usually by very violent means Ku Klux Klan: A white terrorist group who violently attacked Black
Blacks are the often the first target of neo-nazi’s and white supremacists. Macdonald uses this to justify the murder of Blacks; “If we are going to cave in people’s heads with bricks, they must be people who deserve it” (Macdonald 10). The person who “deserves it” in the book is a Black convenient store owner, who the Organization choses to rob and kill. James Byrd Jr., a 49 year old Black man, was brutally murdered in Texas on June 7, 1998 by 3 white white men who were racially motivated based on the writing of Macdonald. When Netzley was describing the connection of Byrd’s murder and The Turner Diaries, she wrote “...African -American James Byrd Jr. is beaten and dragged to his death behind a pickup truck, one of his assailants, John King, will say ‘We’re starting The Turner Diaries early’’ (Netzley 5).
A. Smith J. Montgomery Criminal Procedure 5 December 2012 Capital Punishment The death penalty was practiced in Arkansas even before the state was admitted to the Union in 1836. According to the Arkansas News, “during the American Revolution several members of the garrison at Arkansas Post were convicted of having plotted on behalf of the English to massacre all the soldiers at the Post. They were executed by a firing squad in New Orleans.” These executions mark the first recorded death sentences for crimes committed in Arkansas. As of 2010, the Arkansas criminal code provides for the death penalty or life without parole upon conviction of capital murder or treason. Those convicted of rape were also subject to the death penalty until January 1, 1976, prior to the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Coker v. Georgia that a death sentence for rape of an adult woman was disproportionate to the crime and violated the Eighth Amendment.
Few believed in it. Many lynchings were recorded from the north do to violent reasons. Causes & Motivating factors for racial? Lynching was noticeable in the Southern parts of the United States. In the south, people were blaming their financial problems on the newly freed slaves that lived around them.