Capital Punishment: The Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty

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Death penalty is a divisible and controversial issue, which raises important questions expressed in philosophical, political and moral terms. Different opinions on death penalty regarding deterrence, innocence and arbitrariness have split those who are firmly opponents and the supporters of the abolition. Although the debate over the legitimacy of capital punishment is long-lasting rooted in the morality and philosophy discourses, opponents and supporters have recently been contributing to the debate with arguments even based on economic efficiency, arguing that death penalty system carries massive costs to a state while many states that still maintain a capital punishment system use it so rarely for it to be a cost effective way to deter violent…show more content…
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) represents a culminating point in this process. Under Art. 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” This discourse leads to the ongoing debate on the issue of death penalty as a capital punishment. Those in favour of promulgating the abolition of death penalty are called abolitionists where as those which are in favor of retaining death penalty in their domestic legislation systems, are called retentionists. In some countries death penalty appears to have large amounts of public support, and there is little public movement to abolish it. However, generally the right wing nationalists who are ideological oriented to building an authoritarian state and retaining hierarchical order tend to be retentionists. By contrast, in most of Western Europe, public opinion overwhelmingly regards capital punishment as brutal and there is little public support for its re-establishment and some others have made it impossible for the reinstatement through instruments in their constitutions . However, in countries where it has been abolished, debate is sometimes revived by particularly brutal murders or…show more content…
As inequities and injustices increase, so do crime, irrespective of punitive penalty. I believe that the person perceived as cruel criminal by a fragment of the population could be fighting for justice and become a hero for another portion and any cruelty in punishment would make such a person a martyr to be emulated by others. Therefore cruelty of punishment alone cannot deter crime. It is a just and equitable society where compassion is a value and improvement is an objective that reforms the criminal. Reformed criminal is a louder and clearer message to deter
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