There are a number of compelling arguments in support of capital punishment. First of all, death penalty is necessary to improve law and order situation in society. If an offender is given death penalty, other criminals will not dare to commit serious crimes like murder, rape, treason etc. Thus death penalty acts as a deterrent to other would-be offenders and nothing will discourage a repeated offender more than the fear of death. Secondly, a criminal must suffer in proportion to the crime he/she has committed.
That unwarranted punishment is, in effect, a civil death sentence because of the barriers to meaningful employment created by that sigma. We regret our mistakes, we do not intend to repeat them, we have worked hard to overcome them and improve ourselves. We only want our lives back and we deserve a Second Chance." Jaime Woodard There are many philosophies of incarceration. For some the purpose of prison is to protect society from criminals who intend to harm innocent civilians.
Should the Death Penalty Exists in Modern day Society(USA)? by Nicholas Checketts The death penalty, in the USA, is the most inhuman and crucial punishment. Even though it is not applied in every state, the death penalty is a very strong debate and argument within the US government. There are people who support it and those who are against it. The death penalty is a punishment to those who due to their actions and circumstances commit crimes.
For the offenders, deterrence presents a threat of negative consequences to prevent offenders from engaging in criminal activity in the future; for the public, deterrence send a message to the general population to show that if one engages in criminal activity, there will be severe consequences. The assumption is that human beings are rational to weigh the benefits and loses of committing a crime. It might seem that the prospect of receiving a death sentence would deter murderers from committing such offences. However, many studies on deterrence and the death penalty do not support this idea. The deterrence theory is not always
Therefore, the criminal should get the right punishment as a human being. Bentham Utilitarianism suggests that the morally right action in any circumstances is the one that will tend to maximize total happiness. Utilitarianism focus on greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number people. However, utility support depends on the consequence of the crime. If the consequence bring the greater amount of happiness then more people would support it.
“Capital punishment should be introduced as a means of upholding justice.” How far do you agree with this statement? Discuss. The idea of capital punishment in order to bring justice is an absurd way of punishing those individuals who have disobeyed the law. Introducing capital punishment back into the society has been argued numerous times in order to reduce crime rates, and it has been shown that it does not reduce crime rates. In fact countries with capital punishments have an increased rate of crime compared to those countries without capital punishments.
The Death Penalty in the United States: A Literature Review Marie-Pierre Higgins Concordia University-Portland Abstract The purpose of this literature review is to establish why the death penalty is an important topic, review the literature surrounding it and discuss the validity of the articles reviewed. Research shows that the death penalty and its ramifications impact society. Public opinion is divided between the proponents and the opponents of the death penalty, its application, and the methods of executions. Some articles survey the philosophical aspect of the death penalty while others explore the financial cost of the death penalty. Some pieces address the deterrence effect and others the unfair racial division among death row inmates.
The reason for this is that not all states can agree on whether or not capital punishment is criminal in and of itself. Another important controversy within the subject is this: Regardless of whether or not the death penalty itself should be enforced, if it is going to be, then is it right to publicize the criminal’s execution, or should it remain private? The subject of privatized versus publicized executions is still a hot debate for most. Those who are in support of public executions have valid reasons, as do those who are against them. Both sides have been pretty stubborn in their views, the reason why we haven’t reached a decision as a whole.
Neither model allows for the “right” or “wrong” method, but simply debates the amount of government involvement, so both are equally important to understand. What role does law enforcement play? Under the crime control model, law enforcement plays a very large role as this model is based on the theory that crime is reduced from more arrests, convictions, and harsher sentencing. This increases the amount of officers in given areas to provide a more “tough on crime” standard of policing. According to Packers theory, the crime control model also leans more toward the idea that the costs associated with providing criminals “rights” are wasteful and would be better applied towards building new prisons and hiring more police officers (Packer, 1968).
Violent Crimes and Theories Violent crimes are a major concern for United States citizens. Although there has been a decrease in violent crime, it is still a huge problem nationwide that needs to be under more control. What causes a person to become criminal is a question that many theorists would love to fully understand. In the past, criminologists believed that people were simply born criminals. Today, there are several theories on why people commit crimes.