Capital Punishment Essay

1296 WordsApr 26, 20126 Pages
Say No to Capital Punishment Capital punishment, also known as the Death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes committed. There are many methods of execution. To name a few are decapitation, the gas chamber, electrocution, hanging, lethal injection, and the firing squad. Today almost all European countries have abolished capital punishment. On the other hand, some states in the U.S still use it. The death penalty is the harshest form of punishment present in our world today. The most common way of execution in the U.S is lethal injection. Is capital punishment morally wrong? In many cultures, capital punishment is often the subject of controversy. The Utilitarian view, a supporter of capital punishment argues that it stops crime and that it is an appropriate form of punishment for the crime of murder. On the other hand, abolitionists, like my self, of capital punishment argue that it violates human rights, being the criminal's right to live. We also believe that it does not stop criminals, even if they are given life imprisonment and leads to executions of some who are wrongfully convicted. Abolitionist argues that life imprisonment could be an effective substitute. Different opinions arise from this issue. As learned in class, utilitarianism is an ethical theory holding that the proper course of action is the one that maximizes the overall good for the greatest number of individuals. It is a consequentialist theory, where priority is on consequences, not intentions. The utilitarian theory of John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham agreed that actions are judged by the virtues of their consequences and also added that the pursuit and production of happiness should be taken into consideration. This theory can be summarized in three claims known as the consequentialist claim, the happiness claim and the objectivity

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