Cancer Essay

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Mary has several risk factors that are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Being a female we are more likely to develop breast cancer than men Increased age is a risk. Mary has a family history of breast cancer in her family. Although there are many women with no history of breast cancer in the family and still get breast cancer. It was not indicated if Mary had other indicators for breast cancer such as being exposed to radiation as a child or young adult in the form of radiation treatments, or beginning her period at a young age increases your risk of breast cancer. Having never been pregnant can be a risk factor as well. Alcohol use can be a risk as well. A study found that between the years 1995 and 2005 the number of women choosing to have a healthy breast removed to minimize future breast cancer risk has been increasing. A mastectomy is done to reduce the risk of future breast cancer, the surgery is called prophylactic mastectomy. A therapeutic mastectomy is done to remove a breast cancer. The term in situ means that the cancer cells remain confined to ducts. The cells have not grown into deeper tissues in the breast or spread to other organs in the body. The cells may become breast cancer later if left untreated. This may present a problem for Mary in the future. Staging is the process of finding out how widespread the cancer is when it is diagnosed. The stage of the left breast would be stage 0: Tis, N0, M0 this is ductal carcinoma in situ, the earliest form of breast cancer. ER+ is the W=Estrogen Receptor Positive it describes cells that have a receptor protein that binds the hormone estrogen. Cancer cells that are estrogen receptor positive may need estrogen to grow and may stop growing or die when treated with substances that block the binding actions of estrogen. Most ER-positive cancers respond well to anti

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