The defeat of Germany in the Great War was caused by many different reasons. Some reasons may be problems within Germany, entry of USA in the war, the failed Ludendorff Offensive, Hundred Days Offensive and the loss of German allies. On the 6th of April 1917, the United States joined the war; this was a huge advantage to the British. The United States provided more weapons, soldiers, supplies and morale. There were more weapons as USA had a lot of resources, the soldiers were not too experienced but there were many, USA had a lot of food for the allies, and since USA was such a big country the Allies’ citizens were more hopeful of winning the war.
All of these factors develop a reason why Germany lost the war. Many believe that the obvious reason why Germany lost WWII was because of strategic mistakes, such as fighting on two fronts. Hitler's Nazi Germany had to deal with the Western Allies on the west and the Soviet Union to the east. This could be seen delusional from the start as Germany tried the same thing in WWI and they lost. However, before invading the USSR in 1941, Hitler was convinced Germany can maintain their strength and beat all of its enemies.
Which was more important for moving Hitler closer towards his aims: the reclaiming of the Saar or the anglo-geman naval agreement? One of Hitler’s aims was to abolish the treaty of Versailles. The treaty said Germany was only allowed 100 000 people in its army. However in 1935 Britain thought Germany was showing peace when they signed a treaty meaning that Germany could only have a navy 35% of the power of the British navy, but Germany were able to expand their army as much as they wanted. This caused Germany to be able to re-arm their army as much as they wanted without any opposition, even though Britain never consulted France or Italy about the treaty.
At the beginning, war was immensely popular in Russia. Although some people, like Minister of the Interior P.N Durnovo warned that the burden of the war would eventually fall heavily on Russia, people seemed elated with the idea. Russians felt that they should protect and fight for their nation and details like the voting of war credits by the Duma, the sacking of the German embassy by students and the acceptance of the ban of the sale of vodka fed this feeling of patriotism. The capital was even renamed. The new name was Petrograd and it substituted the initial, German-sounding name; San Petersburg.
When Serbia only met 8 of the 10 demands, Austria immediately declared war on Serbia. The problem was that if Serbia was invaded, Russia would get involved. They were unwilling to allow Austria to eliminate their influence in the Balkans, and in support of their Serb protégés, warned that if Serbia was to be invaded, there would be war. However, Austria ignored all this, and invaded Serbia, which set off World War 1. At this time, Canada was still a colony of Britain.
Canada’s Involvement in the Second Boer War Canada’s involvement in the second Boer War lacked the strong integrity that Canada had been building since confederation in 1867. This mistake cost Canada a set back in their independence from the British Empire. Imperialism became a large issue when Canada allowed Britain to make important decisions, regarding Canadian lives, for them. Canada allowed Britain to rule them through military imperialism, which affects the entire country on a whole. This mistake also made ever lasting conflict between French and English connections and relationships in Canada.
Borden knew the war could not be won without reinforcements and so he decided to pass the conscription bill. (Cruxton and Wilson, 118). In 1940, though Mackenzie King had promised no conscription, he passed the national resources mobilization act—this was conscription but only to protect Canada at home. But as war continued Mackenzie King was asked to send additional troops and just like in 1917 most volunteers were English, not French-Canadian. The English-Canadians sought after full conscription like Britain and the United States, while the French-Canadians still did not want any form of conscription.
Canadian Involvement in World War I: Name: Kelvin Glaves 1. How soon after Britain entered World War I did Canada enter the war? Canada entered August 5, right after Britain entered war. 2. a. Summarize the contributions of Sam Hughes to Canada’s war effort in the following organizer: Positive Contributions to Canada’s War Effort|Negative Contributions to Canada’s War Effort| - Loved his job and the soldiers.- Told Lord Kitchener that he would not let Canadians be spread throughout the English army.- 4 divisions were created.- Hard worker. |- Loved the Ross rifle while Canadians hated it.- Tough on Canadians- Mean person| b.
There was also the widely accepted claim that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the event that tipped the scales of war. They were also ready for a fully fledged was with Russia, as they were supporting the rebelling Balkan national states and they were ready for a European war. The Russians had strengthened their military and now had over a million soldiers in their armed forces. They had been embarrassed in 1908 by their inability to support Serbia in the Bosnian crisis, and their army underwent heavy military reconstruction. This new army was ready to go.
During the Age of Anxiety, Germany and Russia were two nations that had an abundance of social, economical, and political problems. With unhappiness being a common trend between both nations it allowed for the seeds for totalitarian governments to be planted. Leaders who promised a rebirth and beneficial changes within the nations appealed to people within Germany and Russia. Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler were two of the leaders that took advantage of the Age of anxiety and were able to introduce new political theories and brought change to their nations. Due to their harsh loss during World War One, Germany and Russia faced economic turmoil.