Call of the Wild Essay

813 WordsFeb 4, 20134 Pages
Jack London’s Call of the Wild is an exceptional display of naturalistic literature, as it brings forth the elements of surviving through harsh conditions as a sled dog during the Klondike Gold Rush. This theory of literary naturalism is generally defined as the social conditions, environment, and heredity as being the inescapable force that shapes the human character. Sled dogs during the gold rush were forced to use their naturalistic instincts in order to survive their everyday quandaries. Primordial instincts were especially pivotal to the dogs, considering the severity of the living conditions and the cruelty of the working conditions. Call of the Wild is a remarkable illustration of how the zeitgeist of the Industrial Revolution can be directly related to the idea of Naturalism. Social Darwinism is the theory that when a conflict between groups in society arises, the superior groups will progress and have victory over the inferior groups. John D. Rockefeller and George Pullman showed an interesting approach to this new concept of Social Darwinism. Rockefeller displayed Social Darwinism in his business by monopolizing the oil industry. He used tactics such as lowering his costs to attract the mass population and using this to his advantage by putting his competitors out of business. This put him on top of the oil industry, and he thus showed the perfect example of “survival of the fittest”. George Pullman also manipulated this idea of Social Darwinism by building a town for his workers. This town provided luxurious housing and all the basic needs for the employees. Pullman’s residents were able to enjoy shops, an athletic field and medical service. These commodities attracted people to work at Pullman’s factories rather than other places, increasing profit for Pullman. It is quite clear that Call of the Wild is a naturalistic novel considering that Buck,

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