California is a hazard hot spot for many reasons:
On the Eastern edge of the Pacific Ocean's "ring of fire," with earthquakes and volcanos and the danger of tidal waves.
Western mountains that prevent moisture from traveling inland, so we have desserts. We do not get enough rain so we have droughts and fires WILDFIRES! -
When people think of California, one of the first words that usually comes to mind is "earthquake." California has earthquakes because it is located in a tectonically active area, where three tectonic plates come together. The western section of California, west of a line running from the Imperial Valley in the south to the San Francisco area in the north, is on the Pacific Plate, which is moving towards the northwest at an average rate of about 5.5 centimetres per year. They get stuck causing tension then slip.
California is covered in forest, the type and density of forest varies across the state.
In the north fir trees ‘coniferous trees’ dominate and in the south soft wood pine trees are more common
Economic: people work in the area and can’t afford to or don’t want to lose their jobs. Well paid (£35 000 per yr) and good lifestyle.
Technology: secure that prediction methods will give them enough warning. Homes are protected and emergency services are trained.
Perception: See earthquakes as being uncommon and not a big risk. Car accidents and crime are more likely to happen so are more ‘dangerous’
Social: People have their families, friends, and schools, favourite places where they live and don’t want to lose them.
- On a conservative plate margin. Frequent, unpredictable earthquakes are common (the most severe ones being in 1906 and 1989) and potentially destructive in economic terms. * Planning and construction methods reduce risk, but disaster can still strike and cause many deaths. * The coastline