California Gold Rush

1053 Words5 Pages
The Gold Rush of 1848 not only affected California but the entire world. There was mass expansion to the west throughout California and the coast. Small towns of California were transformed into large cities in just a matter of months. From the new discovery, people came from all over the world bringing in many new cultures and societies. This is what shaped California’s history. John Sutter was a Swiss emigrant who arrived in California in 1839. He became a Mexican citizen and received a land grant of 50,000 acres in Sacramento Valley. At his fort, John owned a farm and other businesses. He hired a man by the name of James W. Marshall to build a sawmill. As a foreman for Sacramento, James was working one day and found shinny pieces of metal.…show more content…
Many travelers faced terrible grueling expeditions toward the city of their dreams. There were 2 ways to arrive in California, land or sea. Both were hard and faced many obstacles. Eventually most of the gold seekers took the overland route across the U.S, predominantly along the California Trail. These travelers were named “Forty Niners”. The first people to be on the scene were of course the citizens of California. They were the lucky ones whom were able to collect easy accessible deposits of gold lying around the river beds. Next came the Oregonians with a group of several thousand people from the Siskiyou Trail. The largest wave of voyagers were the Americans who had come with tens of thousands of people. When the Gold Rush began, California was a seamlessly lawless state with no definite authority. Many problems occurred from the massive breakout of immigration which led to a misunderstanding of legal rights. “The overnight inporuing of tens of thousands of people into the future Golden State completely overwhelmed the one-horse government of California.” (Uschan 36) Towns were being populated at a rapid rate which put major tension on the government. At the break of the discovering of gold, California was technically still part of Mexico. There was no rules on the gold mining and almost everyone made up their policies.
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