Children try out roles, occupations and experiences in their pretend play. The acted out play is borrowed from the world around us and from the world of fiction children meet in stories, movies, and television and computer games. Pretend play is a way for children to act out situations to gain experiences and better understandings of things around them for example a toddler nursing her doll is copying her mother’s care of a new sibling( Youngquist & Partaray-Ching, 2004). Through role play the children develop and foster imagination skills, understand others’ perspectives, problems solve, expands communication skills, develop and express feelings and self-confidence, and socialize (Degotardi, 2005). It includes pretending with objects, actions and situations.
This includes interacting both inside and outside with their peer and their teachers. Activities are planned that engage preschool children in games that involve running, walking, chase, tag, and follow the leader in which children need to be socially apt. The preschool children also have toys for catching and throwing such as soft, large balls, beanbags, and other objects both in and out of the classroom. Ensuring preschoolers are empowered through many self selected activities
D3. – In an after school club setting children may be involved in creative play for example a child could paint a picture. Creative play promotes learning and development in children it is important for a child to express them selves in different ways and by allowing a child to do something on there own will give them confidence it then allows the child to explore and develop their senses and different materials. In a nursery school the one type of play the children maybe involved in is pretend play for example children play dress up or pretend there having a tea party. Role playing helps children learn about social roles and rules and they practise doing things in different ways how ever pretend play also develops language skills and the ability to plan ahead and problem solve and think creatively.
Looking closer at the structure there are a variety of different activities, from slides, monkey bars even a noughts and crosses board. It can therefore be said that the playground, unsurprisingly is set as a place where children are encouraged to play. Kozlovsky (2008) writes that ‘modernity has conceptualized play as a biologically-inherited drive that is spontaneous, pleasurable and free’ (cited on pg. 22), Berngtsson agrees, stating that ‘play is a constant happening, a constant act of creation in the mind or in practice’., in the modern world it could be said that this need and want to play is one of the main factors that shapes a child’s experience as different from that of an adult. The fact that children have places set aside to play can also tell of their experience.
P1 Give reasons why play is important for children and young people “‘We think that a purpose of the child is to grow up because it does grow up. But its purpose is to play, to enjoy itself, to be a child.’ Herzen A. cited in Young Children Learning, David, T.” (Page 25, 40231D, CACHE Level 2 Certificate in Children’s Care, Learning and Development) Play holds a great importance in a child’s life. Through play a child learns lots of different things from a very early age. Every time they play they learn something new in life, be it educational or social while having fun. They learn to explore and take risks in their life.
When experiences happen, new information is used to modify, add to or change previously existing schemes. Building schemes is referred to as adaptation, this happens through direct contact with the child’s environment. Piaget saw that children would internally organize their schemes –old with new- and discard any useless information. Through trial and error children use movements and their mind to act out there intended scheme. For example, a toy that is hung in front of an infant causes the baby to want to touch it, once the baby touches the toy it swings.
Play therapists believe that the best way to diagnosis and treat children’s emotional and behavioral issues is to engage children in imaginary play, as children play out their daily life experiences through their most utilized and comfortable form of self-expression, which is play. It is developmentally appropriate and natural for children to express their emotions, fears, anxieties, and concerns through play. Typical childhood issues that are dealt with in a play therapy setting are depression, anxiety, conduct disorders, ADHD(attention deficit hyper active), social problems, academic problems, learning disabilities. Play therapy techniques have been around for many, many years and it is widely agreed that play therapy is an effective tool in working with young
However, Donald Winnicott and Kendall Walton believe that play is a theory which applies itself to many different areas of life, beginning in the infant years and progressing through adolescence into adult hood. The philosopher Walton focuses on the concept of imagining and ‘the game world.’ To Walton the game world consists of any time you enter into a game or a world of make believe. His focus is primarily on children and infants and the way they explore and make sense of the world through the medium of play. ‘Play in children is a way of understanding and exploring the world.’ (Walton, K. 1990). He believes that if we want to understand art and performance we should look to children for guidance.
As a mother and teacher I have always been fascinated with how children learn. When my own two children were small (birth to 5 years) I realised that the way they learnt was through playing. Educational and stimulation toys and objects were used to stimulate their learning. I remember the sheer delight on their faces when they were playing and the enjoyment and fun while they were playing. Lots of people have different definitions of play, and it’s value, for example, Froebel (as cited in Curtis & O’Hagan, 2003, p. 113) believe play develops from within the child, but the presence of the adult and provision of appropriate material nurture it.
Play is the work of children – through play and interaction, children learn how to walk, reach, talk, listen, read, and write. In all societies there are typical behaviours of emergent and beginning readers, and how each of these behaviours relates to reading and writing. “For a small child there is no division between playing and learning; between the things he or she does ‘just for fun’ and things that are ‘educational.’ The child learns while living and any part of living that is enjoyable is also play”. ~ Penelope Leach (psychologist and author). The child see that communication is fun and a part of play and so learns that language is fun, and plays and works to acquire literacy ands numeracy.