Most children between this age group may have close friends and will still play with both genders. A child should have started school and will be able to enjoy their independence although still needing comfort and reassurance. By now a good sense of self-awareness (both positive and negative) will have been developed. Children around this age are able to form firm friendships which helps them to understand boundaries and why they are necessary. At school they may be responsible for being class helpers,
To ensure a child’s social development is on target, praise, guidance, support and encouragement are key when helping them interact with others around them. With emotional development, a child requires warmth, support, and affection. Between birth and 9 months, a child should be able to respond to the mothers face and enjoy the company of familiar people, enjoy games such as ‘peek-a-boo’, and will be very dependent on their care-givers for comfort. From 1 year and 2 years, the child will become independent and confident, and from this will enjoy performing in front of an audience, be more cooperative and enjoy playing alongside other children. Between 2 and 3 years, the confidence of the child will increase resulting in them playing happily alongside other children adults.
At 5 years they can also hide a lot of feelings and show a lot of feelings. They also share toys with one an other and are more kind and considerate towards each other. D3) Describe 1 suitable method of observing and recording the social development of a 5 year old. 1 suitable method I
Unit 331 understand child and young person development. 1.1 Sequence and rate of development is all dependant on the individual child/young person, their physical, communication, intellectual and social development is crucial to understand in order to help them. 0 to 3 years old babies are new to this atmosphere they use small muscle movements such as reflexes, sucking, smiling and raising their hands. By 5 months they begin to roll over and shuffle, at 8 months they pull and push on toys/furniture/anything and everything to stand and then glide using the same method of transport. At this stage they are now becoming more curious and want to play with toys, teeth are beginning to sprout and they are now eating solids.
First small step is for the child to sit with one or two other children. When this is achieved slowly add more children to the group. This way you are teaching the child a new skill but ensuring success. This may also be a target for the Individual Education Plan. Praise and rewards This ensures everyone is praising the child when they are working towards their new
The idea of a predictable and unpredictable life events involves generalisation. For some people issues like divorce or redundancy may be predictable, but other people may not have expected to be divorced or lose their job. Predictable life changes One event that is often predicted is when our children start school/nursery. There will be positive learning from this experience as the child will then learn to socialise with other children and make new friendships with them. The child will learn to share toys and develop a better vocabulary by listening to others talking.
When they are about 2 months old then they can smile especially if they see a familiar face for example their mother. As they are about 3 months old then they can respond to people talking to them however they won't say words, they will say baby language. Also they can smile and make noise which will show they are trying to interact. 3-6 months: When a baby is 3-6 months old then they will smile more often and they will know more familiar faces and people can tell that the baby is excited to meet people, especially if that person really bonds with them.
3.3 Help children and young people to understand and respect other people’s feelings and points of view. Children and young people need to learn to understand and respect the feelings, emotions and behaviours of others to help them gain an understanding about their actions and consequences. Young children might find this difficult as their understanding will not be as developed enough for them to put themselves in the position of others, but as children grow and learn they gain a greater experience of this and often older pupils will enjoy opportunities to debate and discuss different points of view in lesson time and in social situations. We often speak to them in school about thinking of the consequences of their actions and how they might have affected others. Ways in which my workplace helps young people to consider others feelings * Books, stories, magazines, literacy reading times and interaction through reading.
Age Characteristics Up to 9 months By nine months babies are still shy with strangers but will show their affection to carers. They will enjoy being with others and playing simple games like peek-a-boo. 1 – 2 years At this age children may show separation anxiety from adults close to them. They may choose a particular object such as a teddy or blanket to comfort them and play becomes more fun with other children and they will mostly be cooperative. Children can now be easily distracted to avoid unwanted behaviour.
Playing also helps a child socially by building confidence, it makes a child feel loved, happy and safe, develops language and communicating skills, it teaches them about caring for others and the world around them, develops physical skills and connects their pathways to their brain. A child will always love to play with their mother or father, but sometimes he might prefer to play by himself and won’t need so much hands on play from the adult. In parenting there are two different types of play; unstructured and structured. Unstructured or free play is the best type of play for a child because it depends on what the child is interested in at the time. Free play isn’t planned or structured.