Unit HSC 024 Principles of Safeguarding and protection in health and social care. Outcome1. Know how to recognise signs of abuse. 1-1) Define the following signs of abuse: • Physical abuse • Sexual Abuse • Emotional/psychological abuse • Financial abuse • Institutional abuse • Self neglect • Neglect by others 1-2) Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse. Physical abuse: Causing physical harm to an individual for example by hitting, burning, biting, throwing, suffocating, force feeding or any other cause of physical harm.
Assignment 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Task A Physical abuse is where someone deliberately hurts or injures another person. Some examples of physical abuse are scratching, slapping, hitting, biting, restraint or inappropriate sanctions. Signs and Symptoms: unexplained bruises, burns or scalds, bite marks, broken bones, their behaviour may suddexnly change, become withdrawn, anxious, clingy, depressed, aggressive problems sleeping and flinching when approached. Sexual abuse is any non-consensual sexual contact, this can happen to men and women of any ages. This can include, rape, indecent exposure, inappropriate looking or touching, sexual photography, sexual harassment, sexual teaching or innuendos, or being subject to pornography or witnessing sexual acts.
Physical Abuse: This includes hitting, slapping, pushing, force feeding, burning, scalding, leaving person in wet, soiled clothes. Signs of physical abuse would include, unexplained bruising, finger marks, bruising in unusual places, soles of feet, under arms, eye sockets. Fractures and dislocations, pressure ulcers and bed sores, cigarette burns, loss of weight, inappropriate clothing, depression, fear. Sexual Abuse: This can also involve abuse of position of power. It can include rape, sexual assault, unwanted sexual acts, sexual acts with a person unable to give consent, subject to teasing or indecent exposure and innuendos.
Behavioural changes. Drowsiness due to inappropriate medication. • Sexual Abuse involves forcing a person to take part in a sexual act, making unwanted sexual advances or unwanted exposure to sexual acts and pornography. Signs/Symptoms :- Sexual behaviour, such as avert sexual language and inhibited behaviour, pregnancy in a women who is unable to consent, withdrawal, depression and stress, incontinence, sexually transmitted infections, urinary tract infections, fear and distrust, unusual wounds to genital areas. • Emotional/psychological abuse is any treatment of a person that causes them emotional distress.
Unit 204: Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Know how to recognise signs of abuse There are several different types of abuse, such as physical abuse and financial abuse. Each type of abuse is carried out in different ways and has various impacts on the victim. Unfortunately many service users become victims of abuse, in its many forms. Physical abuse can be inflicted on a service user in a number of ways such as punching, kicking or pulling their hair. Physical abuse is the act of violence on an individual that causes pain.
There are signs or indicators to show physical abuse and there are ways in which victims and abusers act or interact with each other. Physical abuse includes the smashing of furniture and personal belongings, being pushed or shoved, being held against your will, slapped, bitten, kicked, pinched, punched, choked or ducked under water, threatened or hurt with a weapon, threats of violence, locked in or out of the house, hair pulled ...burnt with cigarettes, acid, an iron, hot food or water ... * Signs of physical abuse in adults are: bruising, particularly in well-protected and covered areas, fractures, sprains or dislocations, lacerations, burns - including friction burns and scalds, drowsiness, pressure sores, cowering and flinching, unexplained hair loss, significant weight loss, etc.... * Symptoms include feeling low, angry and in pain. b). Sexual Abuse: * Sexual abuse is when a person is forced or tricked into taking part in any kind of sexual activity. When sexual contact is non-consensual, it is an abuse.
Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care Types of Abuse Physical: Physical abuse is deliberate physical force that may result in bodily injury, pain, or impairment. Both old and young people can be physically abused. Physical abuse includes the smashing of furniture and personal belongings, being pushed or shoved, being held against your will,slapped, bitten, kicked, pinched, punched, choked or ducked under water, threatened or hurt with a weapon, threats of violence, locked in or out of the house, hair pulled …burnt with cigarettes, acid, an iron, hot food or water … Signs: bruising, particularly in well-protected and covered areas, fractures, sprains or dislocations, lacerations, burns - including friction burns and scalds, drowsiness, pressure sores, cowering and flinching, unexplained hair loss, significant weight loss, etc…. Symptoms: feeling low, angry and in pain. Sexual: Sexual abuse is when a person is forced or tricked into taking part in any kind of sexual activity.
For example leaving someone in bed and them resulting in them having pressure sores. It can be be recognised by noticing bruising in uncommon places, fractures, fear of being touched, unexplained weight loss or gain. Sexual Sexual abuse is when another person knowingly causes another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act through force or threat. It can be recognised if you notice bruising, especially around the sexual areas or around thighs which could mean they were restrained. Soreness around the genital area, a sexually transmitted infection, unexpected pregnancy or change in normal behaviour for example a precoccupation with anything sexual.
P1- Describe forms of abuse which may be experienced by adults. P2- Describe indicators that abuse may be happening to adults. Type Of Abuse Definition Of The Abuse Example Of The Abuse Indicators Of The Abuse Physical Physical abuse is abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm. Striking, punching, pushing, pulling, slapping, biting, whipping, striking with an object, kicking, tripping, kneeing, strangling, rape, placing in stress positions (tied or otherwise forced) and withholding food or medication. Injuries (bruises, lacerations, cuts, burns, bite marks, fractures, etc.
• Patterns of challenge behaviour. • Restricted access to toilet or bathroom. • Failure to ensure appropriate privacy or personal dignity. Self Neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to basic needs such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding or tending to appropriately to any medical condition they have. It also refers to situations in which there is no perpetrator and neglect is the result of the individual refusing care.