Byzantine vs Roman Architecture Essay

1266 Words6 Pages
Roman and Byzantine epochs both were influential ages in architecture, and both had important architectural characteristics and works that some remain until now. These two consecutive ages had lots of similarities, differences and lots of inherited knowledge and are major contributors in most of our building methods nowadays. First of all, Greek was conquered by the roman in 145 BC, the date of the end of the Greek Hellenistic age. Roman ruled for 900 years. The Romans divided the region into four smaller republics. The rest of the Greek city-states gradually and eventually paid homage to Rome ending their de jure autonomy as well. Roman art was about Power, Pleasure and Practicality and this was reflected in all their buildings. They innovated some buildings technics and modified others. The roman needed a way to construct building s with big spans to mark power. They used the Post and Lintel construction method, that the Greek originated, and transformed it to an arcaded arch system by replacing the lintel by an arch; this made their buildings stronger, bigger, wider and more bearing due to the diversion of load in compression. One of the examples of arch use is the “pond du garre” aqueducts. The roman also made modifications on the Greek basilica. Romans needed interior space for worship, whereas the Greeks worshipped outside. Their solution was to extend the walls outward, creating engaged columns, while maintaining the same basic shape. Roman also focused on Art and Sculpture. They used art as propaganda, to mark power, terror, stories or to symbolize the greatness or their leaders, drawings were all over walls, temple and political buildings, roman used fresco; which was painted on wet concrete, and mosaic; which depended on small colored stones put usually on the floor to decorate, their drawings were precise and beautiful, and lead historians to

More about Byzantine vs Roman Architecture Essay

Open Document