After spring 1945, with Japan in an extremely weak position, the United States was considering the following ways of bringing the long war to an end: invade the Japanese mainland in November 1945, ask the Soviet Union to join the war against Japan, assure continuation of the emperor system, or use the atomic bomb. The U.S. believed that if the atomic bomb could end the war, Soviet influence after the war would be restricted and domestically the tremendous cost of development would be justified. (1) After Germany's surrender, tension mounted between the U.S. and the Soviet Union regarding the disposition of postwar Europe. The U.S. began worrying about the increased influence the Soviets would obtain if they joined the war against Japan in mid-August as planned. The U.S. believed that if the atomic bomb ended the war, the U.S. would establish postwar supremacy over the Soviets.
But Japan refused to surrender after the first atomic bomb. Another atomic bomb was dropped, but in Nagasaki. It was called ‘Fat Man’ and was dropped on the 9th of August. The decision to drop the bomb was decided by Harry Truman the president of the USA at the time. This atomic bomb was designed by the world’s finest scientists at the time and had 50 times the explosive power of a normal bomb.
The arms race began in 1945 when the US dropped their atomic bomb on Japan. Not only did this demonstrate the power of the USA but was the catalyst for an age of rapid weapon development, the arms race. This ended with the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1963, an event that bought the superpowers dangerously close nuclear war. A number of factors other than the accumulating advancements in weaponry lead to the Cuban missile crisis, the personalities of the leaders and the national interests of each country all effected how the arms race developed, leading to the inevitable situation where the USA and USSR were left hovering over the trigger. The main aspect that lead to the Cuban missile crisis was the arms development between 1945-1963.
“It wasn’t necessary to hit them with that awful thing” – Dwight Eisenhower Discuss this quote in relation to historian’s views on the United States decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan. On August 6th and August 9th 1945, atomic weapons were used as weapons for the first and only time in human history. President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan has since created some of the most controversial debates in history. Historians have been divided since that day, as to whether or not it was necessary to drop the atomic bombs, and what the real reasons for dropping them were. In fact, the debates behind using the atomic bombs against Japan began even before the decision was made.
Kelly Roberts Dr. Jodie Nicotra ENGL 505 Essay #2 September 19, 2011 Reagan’s Challenger Disaster Speech Appealed to American Values The Cold War between the United States and Russia lasted for nearly 50 years. Throughout the war, the United States worked to maintain an international profile of superiority and power. No image demonstrated this more than that of rockets launching into space. The space race between the United States and Russia was more than just a show of strength, it served as a way for each country to show the other how quickly their technology was progressing. This may not seem important now, but at the time both countries were conducting top-secret nuclear research and while they did not want to publicly reveal their progress, they did want to project the message to the world that—whatever progress they had made—it was better and farther along than the progress of their enemies.
Hitler made a series of mistakes before attempting to invade Britain. Firstly at Dunkerque, Hitler made a mistake in not allowing his tanks to take Dunkerque quickly enough which allowed Britain to take many Allied troops from the beaches. The British government turned this into a great propaganda victory as they saved 350,000 troops. This was called the spirit of Dunkerque and the government used the fall of France to increase British morale before the Battle of Britain. After France was taken, there was a long delay which allowed Britain to produce more planes for the Battle of Britain and at one point they made over 100 planes a week.
Following the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961, Fidel Castro sought even more support from the USSR to prevent any further attempts to overthrow him. This security came in the form of Soviet nuclear missiles. From an orthodox point of view this has been viewed as an act of aggression by the USSR as it brought Soviet missiles in range of continental America, however from a revisionist perspective this can be seen as a reaction to the USA's deployment of nuclear weapons throughout Europe, particularly of Jupiter missile installations based in Turkey1. Soviet aims in Cuba were defined as bridging the missile gap between the USA and USSR, defending socialism were it was threatened and to use the missiles as a bargaining tool in international politics2. On October 15th 1962 American U-2 planes obtained photographic evidence of Soviet medium range missiles on Cuban territory.
The discovery of the nucleus, the idea of radiation, and the fact that the splitting of atomic nuclei could lead to a massive release of energy all led to the development of the atom bomb. The Manhattan Project was a project to develop the atomic weapons to be used during World War II by the United States. The project came about mostly by scientists' fear that Nazi Germany was investigating its own nuclear weapons for use. It ran from 1941 to 1945 and was successful at developing and using the first atomic bombs. Hiroshima was a minor supply and logistics base for the Japanese military and this made it a good target for the U.S. military.
“If we do not end the war, war will end us” - said by HG Wells. In the morning of the 6th of August 1945, B-29 bomber Enola Gay was used to release the first atomic bomb ‘Little Boy’ into the city of Hiroshima causing a fatal massacre that made many suffer up to this day. 100 000 innocent civilians lives were taken away by the Americans. 72 years later, since the dropping of the first weapon of its kind, it still remains a devastating time for Japan. Although the bomb ultimately saved more lives than it took, the ongoing feud of whether the bomb was justified or not still continues to this day.
For example the war in Iraq, started because the Bush administration thought to believe they hade weapons of mass destruction. Seven years and One-Hundred-Sixty-Six Billion dollars later was it worth it? It is if the country of that status had weapons that could kill the entire human race. The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is a landmark multilateral treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and