Buttons And How They Were Built Essay

463 WordsApr 23, 20112 Pages
EXTRA CREDIT FOUND BY SHAHD ABDELLATIF. IN ROOM 114. 4/29/10 Buttons in museums and galleries File:Spanish button ca. 1650-75 12mm f&b.jpg Some museums and art galleries hold culturally, historically, politically, and/or artistically significant buttons in their collections. The Victoria & Albert Museum has many buttons, particularly in its jewellery collection, as does the Smithsonian Institution[1][2][3][4]. Hammond Turner & Sons, a button-making company in Birmingham, hosts an online museum with an image gallery and historical button-related articles, including an 1852 article on button-making by Charles Dickens. In the USA, large button collections are on public display at The Waterbury Button Museum of Waterbury, Connecticut, and the Keep Homestead Museum of Monson, Massachusetts, which also hosts an extensive online button archive. Early button history Buttons and button-like objects used as ornaments or seals rather than fasteners have been discovered in the Indus Valley Civilization during its Kot Diji phase (circa 2800-2600 BC)[5] as well as Bronze Age sites in China (circa 2000-1500 BCE), and Ancient Rome. Buttons made from seashell were used in the Indus Valley Civilization for ornamental purposes by 2000 BCE.[6] Some buttons were carved into geometric shapes and had holes pierced into them so that they could be attached to clothing by using a thread.[6] Ian McNeil (1990) holds that: "The button, in fact, was originally used more as an ornament than as a fastening, the earliest known being found at Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley. It is made of a curved shell and about 5000 years old."[7] Functional buttons with buttonholes for fastening or closing clothing appeared first in Germany in the 13th century.[8] They soon became widespread with the rise of snug-fitting garments in 13th- and 14th-century Europe. Materials and manufacture

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