Business Plan

3248 WordsFeb 4, 201313 Pages
Sea Buckthorn - A valuable Medicinal Plant Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.), a thorny deciduous shrub/ tree, belongs to the family Elaeagnaceae and grows abundantly in the higher Himalayas-Karakoram-HinduKush region including Pakistan. It is usually 2-4 meters in height with orange or red color berries weighing 0.20-0.35 grams. Sea buckthorn has many economic, nutritional and medicinal benefits. China, Mongolia and Russia are pioneers among the Hippophae growing countries by having harnessed the potential of this plant for various purposes like food, medicine and cosmetics. In China alone the total value of sea buckthorn products was more than US$ 20 million in 1990. In Pakistan this plant is still not fully exploited for its benefits despite an estimated natural cover of 7,000 hectares in the Northern Areas. The sea buckthorn industry has been thriving in Russia since 1940 when scientists there began investigating the biologically active substances found in the fruit, leaves and bark. The first Russian factory for sea buckthorn product development was established in Bisk. These products were utilized in the diet of Russian cosmonauts and as a cream for protection from cosmic radiation. The Chinese experience with sea buckthorn fruit production is more recent, although traditional uses date back many centuries. Research and plantation establishment were initiated in 1980. Since 1982 over 300,000 hectares of sea buckthorn have been planted in China. In addition, 150 processing factories have been established producing over 200 products. The sea buckthorn based sports drinks "Shawikang" and "Jianibao" were designated the official drink for Chinese athletes attending the Seoul Olympic Games. The following information is taken from Khan and Kamran (2004) who have compiled information on sea buckthorn from many sources and original references are listed in this

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