Burmese Python Invasiveness

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11-25-2012 The Invasiveness and in Depth Information of Reptiles in the United States of America Andy Abstract Reptiles originated around 320-310 million years ago during the Carboniferous period, having evolved from advanced reptile-like amphibians that became increasingly adapted to life on dry land. Invasive species are a large problem in the United States. Biological invasions can result in numerous harmful impacts on the environment and species. Nile monitor lizards (Varanus niloticus), Burmese Pythons (Python Molurus Bivittatus) and Brown Tree Snakes (Boiga Irregularis), have become established southern Florida. All of these animals are very large, with abilities to adapt to a new location and reproduce at an alarming rate, these…show more content…
The Burmese python is an excellent swimmer and needs a permanent source of water for survival. They can be found in grasslands, marshes, swamps, rocky foothills, woodlands, river valleys, and jungles with openings. The Burmese can live from 20 to 25 years in the wild, and can grow up to but not limited to 23 feet in length. The largest known Burmese python is 49 feet discovered in Indonesia. They can weigh up to 200 pounds and are native to jungles and grassy marshes. The Burmese is a highly carnivorous species; their diet consists of many different types of animals including mammals, birds, and reptiles of appropriate size to fit into their mouth. These pythons tend not to eat every day; they spend most of the day warming up from the sun, providing them with the necessary energy to hunt. Once food is obtained, depending on the size of the meal they will spend a few days to several weeks absorbing heat to digest there food. The Burmese was introduced by human mediated transport. The vector of pet trade was the way the Burmese python arrived in the state of Florida. At the time of purchase the Burmese was small and cheap until they grew to an unexpected size; they were then release in to the wild (Pyron, 2008) . The Burmese…show more content…
The Brown Tree snake is a native snake to Australia, Papua New Guinea, and Melanesia. This snake is known to have a dark brown color and can grow up to 9 ft long a little above the average wild snake size. These snakes feed on birds, lizards, bats, small rodents, and occasionally other snakes. Due to the lack of natural predators in certain areas and an excessive amount of prey, the population of these snakes is bound to increase. They are commonly found in trees, caves, and the ground and near limestone cliffs. During the day they have a tendency to hide in logs, crevices, and caves. The average size of the Brown Tree snake is between 3 & 6 feet in length. The largest snake recorded was 9.8 feet long in an unrecorded area. Although their venom isn’t not lethal to humans it is used to subdue and kill the prey, and they are also known to strangle their prey to death like the Boa Constrictor snakes. When this vicious snake feels threatened its first reaction is to lunge at the threatening object and attempt to bite. This snake is an above average breeder producing 4 to 12 eggs approximately twice a year. This reptile was introduced after World War II when the snake was accidently transported from the South Pacific to Guam allowing for the snake to introduce to other locations such as Florida unknowingly (Rodda, 1992). Since there are no natural predators present in

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