Carla Harris Humanities 170 Professor John Joyce Midterm ONE : VOCABULARY Ba- winded spirt for the blessed decased person. Ka- vital force of energy of a mortal( created at birth) sometimes deicted is small works of art vocabulary from notes of ancient Egypt 2/3 Pyramid text- 759 spells would be inscribed in the walls of the pyramids for the pharaohs. Coffin text- happend during the eleventh and twelfth dynasties. the wealthy would be buried in brightly painted rectangular coffins with spells. this would aid in the protection of the dead to after life.
Critical Thinking: 1) Why do you find this career to be of interest? A coroner has to examine a dead body to find out how the person died, what could have been the cause of death. 2) What are the factors that make a career in forensic science appealing? I like how a coroner has to perform autopsies to figure out how a person died through surgeries and tests. 3) Does the average salary of forensic scientist compete with other professions that require equal education?
In my opinion, I believe it is one of the best ways to deal with a deceased person. It gives the family of the loved one closure, peace, and sanity to the situation. In the ancient times in Egypt, mummification was the most common way to dispose of a corpse. This was done by removal of all organs, including the brain, then stuffing the body, and lastly, wrapping it in linens. Over time, people became wiser and thought of other ways to dispose a dead body.
Many of the corpses' hair is intact, and the colours range in colour from blonde and red to deep brown, it was typically long, curly and plaited. The hair colour may have been altered by salt. Anthropologists revealed that the textiles found accompanying the mummies were woven with a sophisticated loom, and that this was the farthest east the weaving technique had been known to be practiced. The arid climate of the Taklamakan desert dried out the bodies prior to decomposition, and the high concentration of salt in the soil composition aided in the drying process, leeching moisture from the bodies. Bottomless coffins enabled good air circulation, helping the body to dry out.
When approached with significant mummies such as ‘Juanita, the ice maiden’, many archaeologists, historians and even forensic scientists come across various ways in which they can reconstruct the past. Science is a crucial element when reconstructing the past, and was a crucial element in assembling the event of her death.  An adequate form of autopsy would have blemished if not dismantled her ancient and exceedingly fragile remains.  Through the faultless procedure, the scientists were able to perform the operation exceptionally well, thus resulting in identifying many facts about the Ice Maiden’s last moments.  Throughout the CT scan, the scientists were able to uncover numerous facts about the ice maiden, these included findings in relation to her; DNA, posture, muscles and bones, head and stomach.
The Aztec and Mayan Civilizations in the Americas Ashley M. Carpenter Western Civilization II National University June 2, 2012 Abstract From 250 A.D. to the late 1500’s A.D. the Mayans and the Aztecs controlled Central and South America. Each was unique, but still shared a few of the same traits. Both had their own calendar system, counting system, and Polytheistic religious beliefs along with similar temples built to worship their deities. While the Aztecs were the most prominent users of human sacrifice, the Mayans also participated in such rituals. A few differences between these civilizations were the social structure, natural resources, and differing cultural strengths.
They were successful in doing so. The reason for this was because the Aztecs had core military beliefs that helped them gain advantage over the people surrounding them. They also had a civilization that worshiped human sacrifice. One can imagine going against and army of people who are hard to attack due to where they live, but also a people who do not mind dying because they truly believe they are dying for a divine cause. This would make one intimidating army to go against.
There are many different techniques archeologists used to study ancient egyptian mummies over the years. Over the past century techniques got much more advanced. Technology had a big influence on studies of the ancient mummies. It was an egyptian religion after someones death to preserve their bodies so that they could use them in the afterlife. First the clothes were removed and they washed and purified the body with a natron solution.
Pottery items were deposited in tombs of the dead. Some such pottery items represented interior parts of the body, like the lungs, liver and smaller intestines, which were removed before embalming. It was customary to craft on the walls of the tombs with cones of pottery, about six to ten inches tall, which were engraved to impress the dead occupants of the tombs. The cones usually contain the names of the
Research Assignment: Ancient Egyptian beliefs in afterlife influenced their funerary practices and rituals. This ancient civilisation obsession with death and the desire to have a well furnished sustained afterlife consequently led to the survival of extensive funerary artefacts, tomb art, preserved bodies, pyramids, funerary literature and mortuary text, such as, the coffin text, pyramid texts and the book of dead. This combined with the writings of ancient historians such as Herodotus with, ‘The Histories’, Plutarch, with ‘Worship of Isis and Osiris’, Manetho with, ‘Aegyptiaca’ (History of Egypt) and Didorus Siculus with, ‘Bibliotheca historica’ (Historical Library) have provided contemporary historians and Egyptologist with numerous primary sources both literary and non-literary to utilize, in their exploration of Ancient Egyptian culture. The Ancient Egyptian beliefs prominently affected periods of their history, Old, Middle and New kingdom, the Ancient Egyptian mortuary beliefs controlled their funerary traditions specifically the practices and rituals involved. These religious traditions, practices and rituals, were also influenced by other cultures beliefs, such as, the Roman influence in the Ptolemy period.