Bullying and Victimization and Internalizing Symptoms Among Low-Income Black and Hispanic Students Essay

395 WordsAug 21, 20122 Pages
Bullying and Victimization and Internalizing Symptoms among Low-Income Black and Hispanic Students This article examines bullying/victimization and internalizing symptoms among low-income racial/ethnic-minority adolescents. Bullying behavior is something that is very prevalent in our society. This article looks at the prevalence of bullying and being bullied may be even higher among racial/ethnic-minority youth (hereafter, referred to as minority), but results are incoherent. They discuss the stigma that Minority youth, especially those in low-income areas, may be less likely to use and seek mental health assistance due to such reasons as cost, limited access, and mistrust of treatment options. The group that was sample were students from eight predominantly Black and Hispanic middle and high schools in a large urban school district participated in this study. Ninety percent of students were eligible for the free/reduced lunch program, a marker of low socioeconomic status. The sample students were given parental consent forms. Students with learning disabilities or limited English proficiency were not included in the sampling frame. Bully and victim behavior were calculated by specific behaviors characteristic of bullies (e.g., teasing, spreading rumors) and of victims (e.g., being picked on, being hit or pushed) and participation level during the past month. Students reporting at least two bullying behaviors at least three times in the past month were classified as bullies. Victims were those reporting at least one victimization experience at least three times, and bully-victims met the criteria for being both a bully and victim. All other students were labeled no bullies/no victims and served as the comparison group. In addition, several demographic, risk, and protective factors associated with bullying, victimization, and internalizing symptoms were

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