Building Public Sphere Essay

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Introduction This paper seeks to analyse and discuss issues arising from Galina V. Sinekopova’s - Building the Public Sphere: Bases and Biases. (2006) Building the Public Sphere: Bases and Biases is an article written as an anti-thesis to Jurgen Habermas’ paper on The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere (1962). These scholars discuss the social and communication theory of the Public sphere. Habermas himself coined the theory, describing the public sphere as the phenomenon through which people come together to freely and rationally discuss matters that are of common interest. More specifically, public sphere is the practice of democracy through mediation and dialogue, result of which should lead to the shaping of political power and policy by public opinion. Habermas’ classical study has brought to light important problems in developing the theory of the public sphere. From this study, Sinekopova discusses the nature of rhetorical personification of the public sphere and reveals its general bases and biases. He identifies four main fundamental concepts that Habermas builds his theory from, alongside four other unacknowledged assumptions through which they operate. The bases and biases are named as autonomy versus binary, historization versus ethnocentrism, transparency verses lingosentrism and logocentrism verses teleological bias. The bias of oral language This paper will discuss Habermas’ basis of public sphere in transparency of language and his underlying bias of lingosentrism. Habermas suggests, correctly so, that language provides the opportunity for rational discourse, which eventually leads to the identification of norms, which are a foundation for consensus. However, he however overlooks the important aspect of written and non-verbal communication, by stating that oral speech represents events in the most transparent and objective way,
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