AAS 300 Jia Kim The Chosŏn Dynasty and Confucianization 1. State the critical reason for Chosŏn Confucian scholars’ condemnation of Buddhism. In koryo, Buddhism was embraced as the state religion but became an enemy by adherents of Confucianism. Choe Sung-no, a model Confucian argued that frequent Buddhist ceremonies harmed people and that Buddhism thinks about the afterlife rather than the present. Some of the Confucians of the late Koryo period opposed Buddhism as they burned down temples and slashed the throat of monks.
Not all people liked the spread of Buddhism throughout China. In “Memorial on Buddhism” Han Yu, a leading Confucian scholar and official at the Tang imperial court, disliked Buddhism. He said that Buddhism is no more that a cult of the barbarian peoples spread to China. Han Yu says that if the spread of Buddhism in China is not stopped then there will be people cutting off their arms and mutilating there flesh in an offering to the Buddha. He also says that the Buddha is a barbarian and that his bones should be cast into a fire and that his evil should be rooted out.
The decayed and degraded state of moral and patriotic feeling which thinks that nothing is worth war is much worse.” In other words, war brings people to a disgraceful point where they lose their values of life. The Japanese cultural beliefs contributed to many of the brutal killings that occurred in Nanking and other parts of Asia. Japan’s primitive rituals promoted dedication and honor through reinforcement (Chang 20). The Japanese Army had cultural beliefs that were instilled in them because of the consequences that were implied if disobeyed. These unethical and inhumane dispositions were all they knew and practiced.
These two ways of life originated in two different parts of the world Buddhism started in northern India and Daoism started in China One major difference between Taoism and Buddhism is the concept of karma to the Buddhist. Although they both believe in reincarnation they have different views towards it. This idea that all actions are the display of thought, the will of man, is known as karma. Karma determines the Buddhist actions and position in life. A person's karma limits the goals which can be achieved.
Commodore Matthew Perry, commander of the mission to secure Pacific steamship lines on July 8, entered Tokyo Bay. To the Japanese the Americans were “… devils with white faces,” (page 21) and Americans thought of the Japanese as “subhuman, different, and slanty-eyed” yellow devils (page 137). These opposites in opinions of appearance and religion caused World War 2 to be fought brutally, which created this atrocious rivalry between these two countries. During World War 2, the Japanese and the Americans “had been culturally programmed to view each other as repulsive” (page 135). This made fighting on both sides “heartless” and beyond “human decency” (134).
Removing Bales from Afghanistan to be tried in the US has provoked worldwide controversies between countries in the Middle East against the US. Not only does our nation face possible retaliations from Afghanistan, we also lose our relationships with these countries. Giving Bales the opportunity to stand in an American court room is rather contradicting, being that America is the leading promoter of “world peace.” Our nation is in a predicament that could have been avoided, this was the initial mistake. In 1995, three service members of the US were charged with the rape of a 12-year old girl in Japan. The men were tried by the Japanese
She uses the Buddhism principles in order to show that they did not have freedom and there was no democracy in that country. She stated that “by exercising responsibly their right to choose their own leaders the Burmese hope to make an effective start at reversing the process of decline”. In Buddhist history, if the country was going down, they would put in a ruler that could make it a peaceful and better place to live. If the government could focus on the practice of the government instead of the theory, it would be so much better. Like King, Kyi mentions The Ten Duties of Kings to show how the government should be ruled.
‘ Many of these sources were written by monks or religious people and their views may have been influenced by the fact that King John had had a big argument with the Pope and was responsible for the killing of several monks at Canterbury Cathedral. It can then be argued that these sources are less reliable as they enemies of King John and are biased against him. However, it could also be argued as these are a reliable sources as other tell us a similar things and the monks were there at the time. King John treated monks badly- he was in conflict with the church. A source written by Roger of Wendover, a monk and supporter of the barons against John says ‘The servants of a certain sheriff somewhere in Wales brought to the royal court a robber.
In 700 B.C.E, when the two conformities became a rigid hierarchy over the community, invigorate individuals would abandon their town or village to join this belief system in order to have peace and freedom. Buddha led his followers to believe that loving kindness and compassion are special merits, and that his teachings were not to be bound by any strata or caste, but to treat all sentient beings equally with equal status and help. King Ashoka of the Mauryan Empire, who converted to Buddhism, wrote in one of his edicts, “. . .
From the very beginning of Shooting An Elephant, George Orwell demonstrates ambivalence through his affiliations with Imperialist Britain, his sense of self among the Burmese, and his ties to the elephant. In the second paragraph, Orwell says: “All I knew was that I was stuck between my hatred of the empire I served and my rage against the evil-spirited little beasts who tried to make my job impossible.” We learn early in the essay that Orwell hates imperialism and the Burmans, already making him ambivalent. Although Orwell hates being a British official, he has a constant need to feel important and needed by the Burmans. Therefore, he is excited when called to help with a loose elephant rampaging in the bazaar. Throughout the piece, we experience Orwell’s internal conflict between the imperialist police force he is working for, and the rude Burmans people he is forced to deal with on a daily basis.