The same ethical rules involving honesty, fairness, and so forth should apply to professionals. So, if it's wrong for ordinary people to steal, cheat, and lie, then it's wrong for professionals to do so as well. Some strengths of the code inspire the members of a profession to behave ethically and make ethical choices. It also disciplines the members when they violate one or more of the code's directives. Some weaknesses of the code are directives included in many codes tent to be too general and too vague.
Deontological ethics Deontological ethics or deontology fits my beliefs, deontology leans towards “obligation, duty," these ethics judges a person’s moral actions based on the action's adherence to a rule or rules. Deontologist’s ethics look at rule and duties. I have chosen deontological moral systems because they show the characterized of independents moral rules or duties, people must be able to make the correct moral choices, we have to understand what our moral duties are and what correct rules exist to regulate those duties. When we follow our duty, we are behaving morally. When we fail to follow our duty, we are behaving immorally or in a utilitarianism manner.
Issues arise when our thinking fails to keep up with reality. Personal ethics helps mitigate with my decision making. It guides me to take part in actions that meet my moral standards. Ethics also helps me consider the impact of my actions on other people. The base of ethical thinking involves having a choice and some balance in your decisions.
Situation Ethics: Strengths: • It is personal – situation ethics is sensitive to circumstances and traditions. Every moral decision that is made by a person requires thinking of others and understanding that the action must be beneficial to others. • The same situation may require different actions to be taken at different times. Situation allows room for decisions to be made based on what is best to do at a particular time. • The only moral rule of agapeistic love – thinking of other before yourself and acting in accordance to that – encourages people to act in regards to the well-being of others than themselves.
Social work values and ethical dilemmas What are values, ethics, ethical dilemmas and a code of ethics? Values relate to principles and attitudes that provide direction to everyday living. Values also refer to beliefs or standards considered desirable by a culture, group or individual (AASW). Similar to values, but slightly different, ethics means a system of beliefs held about what constitutes moral judgement and right conduct, they are moral principles (rules, guides) (AASW). So an ethical dilemma is then when a person is faced with a choice between two equally conflicting moral principles and it is not clear cut which choice will be the right one (AASW).
c. In Utilitarianism Theory, where the focus is on the outcome of action that gives the greatest benefit (or least harm) for everyone is the ethical action, it would most probably consider the acts of the whistleblower as ethically upright because the actions gives the greatest benefit to the public and the society as a whole. So it really depends on which normative theory the person/s believe in viewing what is morally ethical or not. There are other theories of ethics that may define the behaviour of a person in forming an opinion regarding the situation or on how to react on whistleblowing issues. As to Personal Characteristics a person
People also have the ability to think morally for themselves so morality is relative to someone’s point of view. The main point favoring the cultural relativism argument is that if there are no moral principles, then the principles can only be relative to culture. If someone were to express their opinion about the morals of a culture that they didn’t agree with, including what the culture already believed to be right, then that person would lose the argument without any question. This can be easily disproved because in one culture, not every person is going to have the same moral judgments about what is right or wrong and people can establish objective moral principles. A culture also can’t think of them as having the power to decide which is right and
Ethics can be influenced by one’s culture, background, and environment. Ethical behavior can be taught but that does not mean one is ethical. I believe how an individual conducts himself when faced with an ethical dilemma is what makes him who he is. An ethical dilemma is defined as “Situations concerning right and wrong where values are in conflict” either for the individual or for the organization (Trevino & Nelson, 2007, p. 3). Through these interactions people can learn and continue to grow in respect to their ethical beliefs.
The first argument, that subjectivism creates infallible moral agents, reads as follows. In subjectivism, to say something is bad is to say one has a bad feeling about it. As one can not be mistaken about their feelings, one can not be mistaken about moral judgements. For those who have encountered someone with very objectionable moral viewpoints however, perhaps violent homophobia or racism, it seems obtuse to suppose such people to be as equally moral as a loving and accepting person. The argument concludes with the claim that, despite the supposed infallibility, people are often mistaken in their moral judgements.
The Similarities and Differences of Ethical Theories Mike Dyer ETH/316 November 18, 2013 Michelle Clark-Washington The Similarities and Differences of Ethical Theories There are many types of theories that coincide with virtues, values, and moral concepts to help one decide on what is right and wrong. I will be discussing the similarities and differences between three types of theories and how each theory addresses ethics and morality. These theories are virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Similarities Society, and we as individuals, want to achieve a common goal with ethics and morality. That goal is to do what is morally right, if it be through pleasure to avoid pain.