Bshs342 Quiz Essay

345 Words2 Pages
Hi everyone, Here is the quiz !!! 5 pts. 1. Describe human development and the factors that have stimulated research in this area. (1pt) The scientific study of human development seeks to understand and explain how and why people change throughout life. This includes all aspects of human growth, including physical, emotional, intellectual, social, perceptual, and personality development. 2. In a few paragraphs for each, describe the following developmental theories and name their originators. (2 pts) a. Psychosocial Theory- Erik Erikson describes eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from birth into late adulthood. Through each stage the person meets, and expectantly masters, new challenges. The challenges of stages not successfully completed may be expected to reappear as problems in the future. Although, mastery of a stage is not required to advance to the next stage. Each stage is characterized by a psycho social crisis of these two conflicting forces. If an individual does indeed successfully reconcile these forces he or she emerges from the stage with the corresponding virtue. For example, if an infant enters into the toddler stage (autonomy vs. shame & doubt) with more trust than mistrust, he or she carries the virtue of hope into the remaining life stage. b. Behavioral Learning Theory- John Watson believed that behavior can be measure, trained, and changed. Behaviors can be studied in a systematic and observable manner with no consideration of internal mental states. Behaviorism was an attempt to move in that direction, to focus on behavior and learning. Behaviorism's goal is to explain relationships between antecedent conditions (stimuli), behavior (responses), and consequences (reward, punishment, or neutral effect). 3. Match each theorist with the appropriate theory. (1

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