Research Question: How effective is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy in treating adolescents/young adults who engage in self-harm? (put in importance of evidence based practice) “Risk of suicide attempt, suicidal ideation and deliberate self-harm is high among young people” (Robinson et al, 2011:3). Thus the objective of this assignment is to determine the validity of the chosen quantitative study that considers the effectiveness of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (here in after referred to as CBT) in the treatment of self-harm among adolescents/young people. During my previous PLO I worked within mental health. Numerous professionals within the team are trained in CBT, and use CBT to treat a wide range of issues including self-harm; this is where my interest derives.
Academic Stress – Some teenagers are under a big amount of pressure to succeed academically, especially when the rest of their family is successful too. Social Anxiety or Peer Pressure – When you grow up, you learn about the social world and the society. Popularity is really important for most of us, and for some who are not popular enough it can be very unsatisfying. The peer pressure nowadays to do things such as drugs, drink or other behavior may be traumatic for some teenagers who are not comfortable to do such things, but do them anyways because they are afraid they will not fit in and look bad in front of their friends. Romantic Problems – For some people, relationships and romantic entanglements may cause trauma in their life.
History and Theory: Freud and Rogers PSYCH/504 May 13, 2013 Nancy Lees History and Theory: Freud and Rogers The article, “Using the Delay Discounting Task to Test for Failures in Ego Control in Substance Abuse” in the Psychoanalytic Psychology Journal talks about the study done on the self-medication hypothesis of substance use disorders (SUDs). It says that individuals use substances to mask un-pleasurable feelings or experiences. As a society we see this daily. People who have experienced tough times and do not want to feel pain any longer; emotional or physical, are more likely to abuse substances. Individuals do this to make the pain go away which ultimately they really just defense mechanisms (Gottdiener, Murawski, & Kucharski, 2008).
Counseling compared to psychotherapy, has a shorter term of treatment and treats a specific problem or issue. Counselling encourages its client to have a change in behaviour that is causing them problems. They guide its clients to figure out the solutions to their issues on their own. Unlike coaching, it deals more with emotional and behavioural problems of its clients. And mentoring motivates its clients by sharing their own experiences to their client to help them improve their performance in the same field.
In result, lack of discipline from parents along with mimicking their friends’ attitudes toward one another exemplifies few factors that influences teen rudeness. Nowadays, a modern family would focus on their careers more than focusing on their family. As kids age 13 to 19 move from childhood to maturity, they often experiment with language to express their boundaries and talk back to parents in ways that are inappropriate. It then becomes the parents’ duty to instruct their children how to speak with respect to authorities. The problem arises when parents fail to teach their children the correct way of behaving toward adults.
Kids are highly influential especially at a young age. A child who sees a father abusing his mother might grow up and find it acceptable to beat on his own wife and kids, alas the cycle continues. Society also play a very big part in this, we now see and accept divorce and broken families as a new normal. Since many fathers generally are not the major caretakers of their kids after a divorce, bad feeling are formed with the kids. These negative feelings are due to dads not regularly seeing and interacting with their kids.
When looking at the parent or talking to them they seem to be apathetic to very depressed. They feel as if the only way to feeling anything is to make the child feel just as miserable as they are. In a lot of parents there seems to be a lot of drugs and alcohol use. They also behave in a bizarre manner. As in sudden out bursts or even lashing out on a child in public.
This therapy focuses primarily on what patients are going through presently. Psychologists that use this approach to therapy use a variety of different treatments such as client-centered therapy, and Gestalt therapy. These psychologists do not dismiss a client’s past experiences and the role they may play in the psychological disorder, yet they believe that each person is aware of his or her own decisions and the repercussions from them. Another form of therapy is called behavioral therapy. Therapists that practice this approach to therapy focus on a patient’s behavior.
The emotions underlying the anger can be just one or a combination of several feelings of pain, frustration, loneliness, fear, anxiety, embarrassment or even humiliation. For many children, they are unable to verbalize their feelings, and it makes them feel helpless. Angry children have their own traits. Dr. Murphy has “identified ten characteristics that
Understanding the reason for a certain behavior coming from a child that is emotionally disturbed is very important for their teachers, parents and peers. They need to be supportive and have more patience to have successful relationships with that child. Observing a child in different environments and personalities can help predict what will set them off. Once that is determined, different ways of controlling or influencing the behavior can be accomplished. You can help the child avoid those types of situations.