The organisation has 2 main objectives. These are – 1. To promote and provide education and training for counsellors and/or psychotherapists working in either professional or voluntary settings, whether full- or part-time, with a view to raising the standards of counselling and/or psychotherapy for the benefit of the community and in particular for those who are the recipients of counselling and/or psychotherapy. 2. To advance the education of the public in the part that counselling and/or psychotherapy can play generally and in particular to meet the needs of those members of society where development and participation in society is impaired by mental, physical or social handicap or disability.
Sociology as a discipline examines the ways human societies influences the people who live in these societies. Psychology as a discipline examines the humans mind and behaviors. Anthropology as a discipline examines the cultural, physical, and social development of humans. With each discipline being different, they all bring a unique perspective to understanding the nature of humans and their behaviors. 3.
To understand the different views of family, we must first understand how the theory applies to family and how each theory affects the views of individuals of the family and the views of society. It is also important to know how each theory affects social change within the institution. Lastly, I will examine the similarities and differences of the theoretical views. The functionalist theory focuses on the way in which family gratifies the needs of its members and contributes to the stability of society (Schaefer, 2009, p. 292). The theory is concerned with the basic needs and the desire for social order and stability in society.
Functionalists look at society like the human body; both human parts and parts of society have certain needs that need to be met if they are to survive. Functionalism is similar to Marxism in the way that it too is a macro sociological theory; functionalism also looks at society in the ‘bigger picture’. Families are a group of individuals related by
In order to be an effective helper and human service professional, one must be open to many different schools of thought. The first theory I have included in my personal model of helping is the Adlerian theory. I feel that having an understanding of the world and other people outside oneself is an important aspect of developing insight regarding how to connect with others and within one's own environment. I also believe family patterns need to be considered, because at times, roles are assigned and "reinforced by societal norms" (Cicirelli, 1994). Patterns need to be considered, because the conditions within a family at times affect behavior development and personality.
How this will be accomplished will be by comparing and contrasting their assumptions. Then I will state my opinion on which of the two better fits my personal sociological views. Functionalism and the conflict theory are sociological perspectives that present different assertions of studying the society and how the resultant perspectives of the society are enhanced. The functionalist perspective perceives the society as a system and on a large scale. The functionalist perspective presents social moulding of an individual rather than use of force to the individual in order to carry out societal roles.
When a client is recovery, the recovery process does not just affect the client but those around them are affected as well, which is why there is the community reinforcement and family training. Recovery is a difficult process for the client as well as the family; therefore it is important for the family to have the capability to cope with the effects and side effects that are accompanied with the recovery process. There are instances where a client may have the urge to relapse; the cessations are not eliminated immediately. Therapy is an option in family recovery; therapy sets a pathway which allows the client to maintain change. I believe that the family recovery stages would allow the client in vignette one would be positive.
Social Comparison in the Workplace “Beauty is a relation, and the apprehension of it a comparison” (Hopkins). As humans, we often look to others in order to appraise our own actions, ideas, or appearance. This phenomenon is explained through the social comparison theory. This particular theory can apply to nearly any social aspect of life. This essay will explain how social comparison theory can elucidate and describe standard human actions and behaviors in typical workplace situations.
In this Essay, I will be demonstrating my understanding of the communication skills that social workers need to develop and use to meet the needs of service users. I will identify strengths and weaknesses from the case study in relation to communication and will discuss how they can be improved. I will also identify knowledge and theories that was or could have been used to inform practice. This TMA will reflect mainly on the case study of Roy and how the social worker Rosie worked in assessing the needs of the service user Roy. It will also show that I reflect on my experiences of using knowledge and skills and how they have helped my own social work practice.
Formal social control is that which is practiced by specific social agencies which have the role of maintaining order in society such as the government, the police, the judicial system etc. informal social control is about how people are made to behave through the cultural norms and values, and how this is held in place by the sanctions, for example, disapproval by friends for differing from them, or the rewards given by others to make people comply. Both types of social control are effective in controlling the behavior of individuals. What makes “ridicule and gossip” so powerfull is Informal social control is more subtle and reflects on the social interaction between people for example education. Formal and informal are designations that are given by an empowering body, usually the government but can also being a church etc.