Even though at the time being England had control over the seas. This gave mostly liberty for the English to send their people in attempt to start a new order. Another reason that allowed the English to settle in the Americas was the joint stock companies. Their main purpose was to provide funds for the English citizens to start new colonies in which the investors provided. These companies provided a new outlook to the central value system of capitalism and the expectation to discover gold in the Americas.
Although Mercantilism largely served its purpose to enrich the parent country, during the 17th century this policy operated by England rather influenced its 13 colonies both negatively and positively, paving the way for resentment and Adam smith’s capitalistic society to present day. According to mercantilist doctrine, a nation should exercise full control of trade and production leading to a much more garnished and self sufficient economic system. In order to display full direct authority on its assets, English government put forth the acts of Trade and Navigation—that is in other words implying full control on imports/exports and certain goods that were only allowed to be exported to England itself. Although positive economic results would be seen through the perspective of England, these results would be overshadowed by more influential affects on the 13 colonies, politically and economically. Economically, England would directly govern its colonies via the Navigation Acts establishing three major rules.
14. Imperialism | refers to the domination of European powers, and later the United States and Japan as well, over subject lands in the larger world; sometimes the domination came by force of arms, but often it arose from trade, investment, and business activities that enable imperial powers to profit from subject societies and influence their affairs w/o going to the trouble of exercising direct political control | 15. The White Man’s Burden was the response to American takeover of the Philippines after the Spanish-American War; duty of white men to civilize and modernize new colonies. People living at the time the British took over were nonwhite islanders being evicted from their homes and generally disrespected. 16.
Britain’s strategic motives in Africa centred on thwarting the growth of rival European powers as well as securing its interests in Africa. However there was a clear symbiotic relationship between strategic and economic concerns, during the expansion period. One of the first incidents in Africa where this was made manifest was when Britain invaded Egypt in 1882. The Suez Canal was of major strategic importance as it allowed ships to access the empires ‘Jewel in the crown’ India faster, through the red sea instead on going around Africa, as well as faster transportation of Arab oil. The canal was also of economic significance as historian Simon Smith reminds us that ‘80% of the Suez traffic was British, and13% of Britain’s trade passed through the canal’ , this is due to most of Britain’s trade with India passing through the Suez.
APWH Ch 14: Empires and Encounters Responses Margin Review Questions 1. What enabled Europeans to carve out huge empires an ocean away from their homelands? • Europeans were much closer to the Americas than were their potential Asian competitors. • Europeans were powerfully motivated after 1200 to gain access to the world of Eurasian commerce. • Groups within European society—including competing monarchs, merchants, impoverished nobles and commoners, Christian missionaries, and persecuted minorities—all had strong, if different, motivations for participating in empire building.
In the 17th century, the British East India Company received trading rights from the Mughal Empire. In a short time, Britain had united India for the first time in its history, bringing western education, modern thought, science and a stable government capable of providing law and order (doc3). The new British government also allowed no Indian representation but abolished immoral Indian traditions such as Sutee, slavery, and infanticide. The new
May-Lee Hoshi Modern World History 2B Bapi DBQ 17: Imperialism in India: An Evaluation European Imperialism in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries converted areas of Africa and Asia into a colonial empire that had really benefited the British. The Imperialism in India allowed the British to improve socially and economically without any negative consequences, while India, the colony, made great strides, but paid the price through lack of independence and the inability to develop as an industrial state. Both the colony and colonizers had a different point of view on what was happening to the countries. The British, the colonizers, believed that they were doing the countries a favor by helping India. British had introduced to the colony many new manufactured goods, technology, education, means or transportation and most importantly, better and quicker ways of communication (Document 1).
In response, colonist Samuel Adams founded the Sons of Liberty. The group 'Sons of Liberty' was a mysterious group that led colonial protests, it is known as the first response from colonists because of British tax actions. Some examples of how the Sons of Liberty protested is that they would raid and destroy officials’ homes within the colonies, as well as boycott all British product that were taxed. Unfortunately for the colonies, that wasn’t the end of Britain’s unfair taxing that forced a colonial rebellion.Another example of Parliament and King George's attempts to retain control of the colonies was with what is known as The Tea Act of 1773. This tax action instilled by Parliament, the Tea Act, was put in place by Parliament to keep the British East India Company, a competing tea company within the colonies, from failing.
2. How did the naval arms race encourage the development of the alliance system the way it did? Be sure to refer to Great Britain, France, Germany, and Russia, as well as each of the alliance groups specifically. Britain had a strong navy due to its state of being an island country, having control over the oceans and being part of the Triple Entente including France and Russia. This encouraged Germany to increase its strength in navy because of the rivalry between Great Britain and Germany.
But Americans were not backing down; in fact it was the exact opposite. John Jays letter to Parliament and Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” were two amongst many publishing’s strongly stating that ties from Britain would mean the flourishing of free trade for America. America, with the assistance of France, would soon gain this independence politically and would soon look into commercial trade as a crucial issue. Through Benjamin Franklins views, Americans believed that “the War of Independence was as much about guaranteeing commercial freedom as it was about securing natural rights”(Lambert 40). However much they thought Independence politically would translate to the trading world Americans would soon find that “demanding a full measure of independence at home, they would undermine the independence of America in the Atlantic world” (Lambert