Industrial Revolution took place from 1750 to 1900 and brought change throughout the world. During this period machines changed people’s way of life as well as their methods of manufacturing. The agricultural revolution which took place in England set the stage for the Industrial Revolution. This revolution began in England because of many factors. Geography, economic wealth, technology and social change all contributed to the Industrial Revolution starting in England.
The England’s location was of major importance to Industrial Revolution. England was an island close to Europe. The importance of England being an island is that trade was easy between countries, and also internal rivers and a series of canals that were built within England all helped with the transportation of goods. England had an abundance of natural resources, including many raw materials that were necessary for manufacturing. This included coal, iron, tin, and copper ore, water, cotton, and animals. Improved food, made healthier people, increased the population, increased farm profits which produced money to invest in farming machinery.
The ideology called Laissez Faire existed in England which was based on Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations (1776). It helped to develop the system of free market economy based on supply and demand. In Britain there were no high tariffs on industry as there were in other European Countries to interfere with the free market economy. At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution there was little government interference and no regulation of industry. Individuals that were risk takers invested their money in new business ventures were called entrepreneurs. A stable government and a strong economy encouraged inventions and the move from home industry to factories.
Inventions that increased production of goods and improvement in transportation system were important to the industrial revolution. 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin which made the separation...