British Government and Devolution

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British government and devolution After a general election, the party in the Commons that gets most votes forms the government, which consists of the Prime Minister and other ministers. The government has the executive power and is in charge of running the country. Certain ministers, the senior ministers, are also called Secretaries of State. Within the government, we find the Cabinet, which is the main decision- making body. The Cabinet gives advice to the PM, and it consists of the Prime Minister and other ministers who have been chosen by the PM. However, certain Secretaries of State of principal government departments, such as Home Affairs and Foreign Affairs, are always members of the Cabinet. Most of the members are members of the Commons, but there are always members from the House of Lords as well. In 10 Downing Street, the PM’s residence, the Cabinet meets regularly to discuss important issues concerning the country. Due to the political development during the 20th century, the PM has increasingly gotten more and more power. The main reason for this is that the PM normally is the leader of a strong majority government, and because his or hers party normally also has a clear majority in the House of Commons, it is quite easy to gain acceptance for proposed laws than can dramatically change the British society. Famous Prime Ministers as Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair are proves of that. Devolution is a process in which power is being transferred from a central government to a sub national level, for instance a regional, local or state level. In the UK, this means that the Parliament’s power in London is decreased, while the local power in the national assemblies in Northern Ireland and Wales, as well as the parliament in Scotland, is increased. As a result, Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland get more and more power, and are today in control of fields
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