British Foreign Policy: 1918-1939 Essay

2688 WordsMay 1, 201211 Pages
British Foreign Policy: Interwar Period End of WW1 In 1917, following American entry to the war, the situation was dire for Germany; the Kaiser (Wilhelm II) abdicated on November 9th and the Armistice was signed on 11th November at 6 am, to come into force at 11 am. The blockade of Germany continued causing many more people to die of starvation – which did much to turn German sentiment against the Allies – the blockade wasn’t lifted until June 1919. The first peace conferences were held in Paris, starting in January 1919 and ending in January 1920. Versailles 8.5 million people were dead, and a further 21 million people wounded; vast areas of Europe were in ruins; 750 000 French homes destroyed and infrastructure damaged all over France. The Treaty of Versailles, held at the ‘Hall of Mirrors’ near Paris, signed June 28th 1919, was the official end of the war with Germany – other treaties dealt with other belligerents:- Trianon – Hungary; Sevrés – Ottoman Empire ; Neuilly-sur-Seine – Bulgaria; Saint-Germain – Austria Hungary; which were in turn often superseded by new treaties as time progressed. Each leader had different opinions on the peace treaty - DLG in public maintained a fairly harsh line on Germany , but in private he was aware of the need for a strong Germany to fight communism. He didn’t want to make Germans turn to communism or stop Germany being able to fight communism form the east. ● Wilson was shocked by the war, and couldn’t understand how it had happened. Personally he came up with fourteen points to avoid another war in future, including boundary adjustments and most significantly the League of Nations. However the home mood in the US was different, people wanted to get out and leave Europe to it. ● Clemenceau simply wanted to punish

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