Brief Summary: America And World War I

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America and World War I Patricia Jacoby His/125 April 6, 2014 America and World War I The United States had declared its neutrality in what became known as World War I. Until the sinking of the Lusitania and the German submarine use, it was neutral. There were 128 Americans on the passenger ship Lusitania which was sunk by a German submarine. America was shipping goods to the Allies and wished to keep the international markets. The Germans agreed to no more submarine strikes and the United States retained its neutrality. However, in January of 1917, a note from German foreign minister, Count von Zimmerman, to the German Minister to Mexico was intercepted (Schultz, 2012). This note offered United States territory to Mexico in return for…show more content…
They lived in the trenches which were often water filled and rat infested. The smell of corpses and death was all around. Many of the doughboys were infested with lice or “cooties”, which was probably gotten from the rats. The sound of exploding artillery was heard and those who went “over the top” were often gunned down by German machine guns (The Western Front, 2010). For months these men lived in these trenches without baths, little food and knowing that death or mustard gas awaited them. They reported that the rats were as big as cats and that even the rats became hysterical from the artillery shelling (No Man’s Land,…show more content…
The positioning of the divisions kept the Germans from advancing and taking Paris. This battle caused the Germans to retreat and they found themselves back where they started. Many Germans assumed they were defeated and that the war was lost. They were right. The fighting continued and the Germans were pushed back. In October 1918, Germany was willing to talk peace because of President Wilson’s declaration that there can be “peace without victory” (Schultz, 2012). The Allied countries wanted to punish Germany for the many atrocities it caused. They wanted to continue to fight. President Wilson threatened to remove the American soldiers from Europe if they did not agree to peace and sign the armistice. On November 11, 1918, the armistice was signed. For many years, November 11 was remembered as Armistice Day. It is now referred to and observed as Veterans Day. General Pershing thought “unless the German Army was very obviously beaten and driven back deep into Germany, the whole performance would have to be repeated in another quarter of a century. And he was so right about what the future held” (John J. Pershing, 2000). World War II happened within that next quarter century. President Wilson was adamant that peace was the answer. Shipping and the economy were the main reasons behind
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