It is sometimes easier to have general categories rather trying to understand the complexities of the human life. This however goes against the ethos and ethical framework which professional counselling works within. The newspapers often stereotype for example illegal immigrants are made out to be bad people and that they should be sent home. I believe they should be seen as individual’s cases and their stories should be told as if the truth was seen and why they do what they do, it would be hard pushed to want to sent them home. Stereotyping is a very narrow minded
In the article Words Don’t Mean What They Mean, there is an excerpt from the book The Stuff of Thought by Steven Pinker that discusses the importance people place on words, how they are said and the possible connotations. Francis Bacon wrote a paper that talked about how difficult it is to achieve proper understanding due to the many possible meanings of words and improper word choices made by humans. In his book, Steven Pinker says, “When people talk, they lay lines on each other, do a lot of role playing, sidestep shillyshally and engage in all manner of vagueness and innuendo.” Just like in Bacons theory, Pinker says humans never go straight to the point. They concur upon the fact that humans are hypocritical in wishing for the plain and simple truth but never giving it themselves. Through time people have manipulated words and their definitions to mean what they like.
However, in Fahrenheit 451 Beatty describes conformity as a positive aspect of society – he argues that conformity in behavior prevents violence and jealousy by restricting the gifted and talented people from their ability to excel, which is good in a way because then the others won‘t feel bad. However, the real problem in the situation Beatty describes is not the exceptionally bright child (when he is trying to show Montag the uselessness of books) but the group of people of those who submit to it. Unfortunately, this very situation occurs repeatedly in our society today. People who choose not to conform may be persecuted by the groups of people who submit into censorship, and through that act of persecution the people reinforce conformity of
They are bitter because the author didn’t say what he was required to say. The author improvised the speech with his own ideas and talents, yet the Brotherhood considers it to be improper. The deviation from the Brotherhood’s intelligence or scientific approach is the main cause of the internal conflict. Perhaps, the author just wants to be free, saying whatever he feels to be right and careless about following a standard. “I could glimpse the possibility of being more than a member of a race.” (308) The author has devoted himself to the betterment of his people, either by going to college/ accepting the white way of life or speaking in front of other people.
This question does not suggest that your audience is stupid or uneducated. As we saw in Chapter 1, there is a great deal of confusion today about such matters as free will, truth, knowledge, opinion, and morality. Many intelligent and educated people have fallen victim to ideas and attitudes that cripple their creative and critical faculties. In many cases, your audience will appreciate your insights only if you first help them get beyond their misconceptions. Is Your Audience’s Perspective Likely to Be Narrow?
Smokers Get a Raw Deal by Stanley S. Scott addresses the issue of whether there is discrimination against smokers in the United States. Scott believes that there is negative discrimination in the U.S. that infringes the rights of the citizens. One can find that although the writer believes he presents a secure case, he fails to understand the definition of “discrimination.” In the article, Scott essentially asks the readers to heed the ways in which laws, especially antismoking laws, are established. This could have been a good argument were it not for the bombardment of fallacies and incidents taken out of context. He only presents one premise, that laws facilitate the segregation between smokers and nonsmokers, and consequently allow organized crimes harassing smokers to occur.
This leaves them unable to detect their own bias, and unable to be objective. In “Learning to Read” by Malcolm X and “Idiot Nation” by Michael Moore, the authors’ writings demonstrate that they are indeed knowledgeable, but are also subjective on the topics that they discuss. When reading the essays of Malcolm X and Michael Moore, a perceptive reader can easily identify their biases which are illustrated throughout their work in the forms of inflammatory remarks, contradictory statements, and or, one-sided evidence. Inflammatory remarks are inimical and signal an author’s bias. By utilizing demeaning language, such as racial epithets, in an effort to draw support and substantiate beliefs, a writer alienates his audience and draws attention to whom or what his biases are against.
Paul Teters A Culturally Unaware Country Effective communication and human interaction is built upon cultural awareness. People near and far see and interpret things differently, and even the most honest expressions can get lost in translation, leading to a typically friendly gesture from one country being misconstrued as a flat out insult in another country. For example, giving someone the “a-ok” hand gesture in France is roughly equivalent to the middle finger gesture in America. As you can see cultural awareness doesn’t come naturally, and it requires the ability to step away from our own beliefs and see the world from a different perspective. Looking back now I realize this was an ability I learned far too late in life.
If we judge and label someone by appearance, we probably can’t learn special characteristics about someone because we don’t know about their belief and personality in appearance. Some people just hide their emotion and seldom express themselves by a verbal communication. Therefore, the “Squiggling game” is a good form of communication to allow us to know someone without judgment more. 250 words Additional material: Gordon Allport Prejudice jeopardizes to learn special characteristics about someone. As a result, we should find different ways to reduce prejudice.
What is different between USA and Chinese’s business? Even people who speak the same language often misunderstand each other. To understand why that occurs, it is important to know some of the major differences underlying how people in the two cultures think. A common mistake business people make before going overseas is not making an effort to understand the basics, such as how to make a positive first impression. These first impressions are based on etiquette and greeting rituals that vary for different countries.