Brazil Agriculture Essay

561 WordsMay 29, 20143 Pages
Figure 1 shows the top six global exporters during 2009, the most recent comparable data from the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO). The top position is held by the United States (US), with Brazil in fifth place, and with the three European Union (EU) countries of the Netherlands, Germany and France in second, third and fourth place – although note that the EU data includes intra-EU exports. Table 2 shows the destination of these Brazilian exports, as ranked on 2011 trade data. Key points are: 1) the EU has consistently been the number one destination; 2) the rapidly growing market of China is now number two; and 3) the share of these top ten markets declined from 74% in 1997 through to around 65% in the two most recent years, thus indicating a broader export diversification. The Brazilian export commodities Table 3 shows the top twenty commodity exports from Brazil in 2011, along with the earlier 1997, 2000, 2003, 2009 and 2010 values and again the ratio of exports expressed as the 2011/2010 exports over the 1997/1998 exports on the right-hand column. These top twenty exports represented 92.9% of the total agricultural exports in 2011 as calculated in the bottom line, a figure that has been inching up over the period indicating slightly more concentration. Indeed, although not shown, the top five exports represented 64.1% of all exports in 2011. Soybeans and sugar dominate the commodities,3beef, corn and cotton in the top half of the table and almost all the commodities in the lower half of the table. This indicates that although soybeans, sugar, coffee and poultry dominate there are several alternative commodities that, on these projections, are likely to continue to contribute to Brazilian exports. The juggernaut is showing no sign of slowing down. with large increases from several others in recent years. This latter group includes Brazilioan

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