Botany Essay

30067 Words121 Pages
zTable of Contents TOPIC ONE: INTRODUCTION TO PLANTS WEEK 1 4 1.1 Overview 4 1.2 Learning Objectives 4 1.3 Angiosperms 4 1.3.1 Monocotyledon and Dicotyledon 5 1.3.2 Economic importance of Angiosperms 5 1.3.3 Gymnosperm 6 1.5 Summary 8 1.6 Self assessment activity 8 1.7 Further reading 8 TOPIC TWO: PLANT NOMENCLATURE AND TAXONOMY WEEK 2 9 2.1 Overview 9 2.2 Learning Objectives 9 2.3 Plant Nomenclature and Taxonomy 9 2.4 Phytography 11 2.4.1 Roots 11 2.4.2Stem 11 2.4.3 Leaves 11 2.5 Criteria used in Plant classification 12 2.7 Summary 13 TOPIC THREE: VEGETATIVE STRUCTURES WEEK 3 15 3.1 Overview 15 3.2 Learning Objectives 15 3.3 SHOOT SYSTEMS 15 3.5 Summary 19 TOPIC FOUR: VEGETATIVE STRUCTURES WEEK 4 20 4.1 Overview 20 4.3 Root system 20 4.3.1 TYPES OF ROOT 20 4.3.2 REGIONS OF ROOT 21 4.3.3 MODIFICATIONS OF ROOTS 21 4.4 Types of inflorescence 23 4.5 Structure and function of flowers 28 4.6 Pollination and fertilization 28 4.7 Types of fruits 29 4.8 PLACENTATION 32 4.10 Summary 34 4.11Self assessment activity 34 4.12 Further reading 34 TOPIC FIVE: ORIGIN OF AGRICULTURE WEEK 5 35 5.1 Overview 35 5.2 Learning Objectives 35 5.3 Origin of agriculture 35 5.6 Summary 38 TOPIC SIX: CELL BIOLOGY WEEK 6 40 6.1 Overview 40 6.2 Learning Objectives 40 6.3 PLANT AND ANIMAL CELL BIOLOGY 40 6.4 Structure and Functions of Cytoplasm 42 6.5 PLANT TISSUES 43 6.5.1 Meristematic Tissues 43 6.5.2 Non Meristematic Tissues 44 6.7 Summary 47 TOPIC EIGHT: PLANT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

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