Boston Tea Party

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The Boston Tea Party was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, a city in the British colony of Massachusetts, against the tax policy of the British government and the East India Company that controlled all the tea imported into the colonies. The Tea Party was culmination of a resistance movement throughout British America against the Tea Act, which had been passed by the British Parliament in 1773. When the Boston Tea Party occurred on the evening of December 16, 1773, it was the culmination of many years of bad feeling between the British government and the American colonies. The controversy between the two always seemed to hinge on the taxes, which Great Britain required for upkeep of the American colonies. Starting in 1765, the Stamp Act was intended by Parliament to provide the funds necessary to keep peace between the American settlers and the Native American population. The Stamp Act was loathed by the American colonists. However, the British government quickly enacted other laws designed to resolve monetary problems. Each act was met with resistance. The Boston Tea Party was the final act of focused rage against a Parliamentary law. The Americans were well organized to resist new financial demands placed upon them by the British Parliament. In 1765 the secret organization known as the Sons of Liberty was created to boycott British products. By early 1773 the assemblies of Massachusetts and Virginia had created the Committees of Correspondence, which were designed to communicate within the colonies any threats to American liberties. The Boston Tea Party was an important event of civil disobedience against the Royal Company that fired up Americans about the problem of the sugar act, the tea act and helped trigger the revolutionary war. The Sugar Act was a revenue raising act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764, and it

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